The Chinese researcher, He Jiankui, said he used the CRISPR system (Frequently Retained Moving Group) to become the first child of breeding, two bilingual girls born this month. He did not give evidence, surveys or data to support his bids. And if so, some experts say that the venue could open the door to "brunettes designer."
Jiankui said he changed a gene in the causes before being introduced into the mother's side with the aim that infants would resist HIV disease. Despite the fact that there are no documents that This proves, area professionals who are familiar with their work believe that this is possible.
Children by order
Prevention of gene from human embryos is banned in many countries, but it is not against the law in China. Despite this, many researchers are involved in the & # 39; used. A group of 122 Chinese scientists called Jiankui's "crazy" activities and said he was "a huge hit on the reputation and development of the Chinese science world."
If human organization is consistently prepared, scientists are organizing that future generations are children to achieve specific mechanisms, such as the ability of athletics, intellectual performance, and even levels of beauty. Although this capacity is likely to be long, there is a concern for safety: methods that can be used to alter the genetics of other genera in ways that can not be understood.
The Jiankui news came on Monday (26), an afternoon of the Second International Visit to the "Human Genome Edition" in Hong Kong. In an interview with the Associated Press (AP), he said he had just seven couples just in person with HIV. The researcher made an in vitro product to create human creatures that faced their virus, and # 39; Generates the Crispr-Cas9 generation to deactivate CCR5 gene, which causes HIV protein to enter human cells.
According to the AP report, he said that he did not attempt to prevent the spread of HIV from the father's sperm to the embryo, as the risk of discharge drops when the sperm is washed before being enclosed by in vitro fertilizer. Instead, he argued that he wanted to protect the babies from the disease after that.
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China also said a couple were born without problems in another gene. He also said that "mother's father lives" reason and people who are living with HIV are " suffering discrimination in China. "I feel strongly stressed not only to do the first time, but also to make it an example," said Jiankui. "The Society's decision making what next thing will do."
He plans to give a talk on Wednesday at the top of genetic editing, but there are no sure organizers who he is expecting to talk about the test.
On the same day as an AP interview, Jiankui put a series of videos on YouTube to determine the test and explain how it was done. He also invited observers to send his / her ideas and the two children, called Lula and Nana.
It is uncommon for scientists to demonstrate the development of any unauthorized improvement development for other academics. Jiankui said he was allowed to work on the ethical board of Shenzhen Harmonicare Hospital. However, despite the hospital, in Chinese media interviews, to be involved.
Cheng Zhen, the general manager of the Shenzhen Harmonicare, has asked local police to explore what he considers to be a "ethical review material", according to a Chinese newspaper New Beijings.
The University of Science and Technology, in which Jiankui is a professor, reports that he has been on unpaid leave from February of this year. "The University of Science and Technology requires scientific research to comply with international academic and ethical levels, in accordance with the laws and regulations, regulations," said the statement.
In a statement published on Monday (26), China's national health commission said he had examined the southern health commission in the Guangdong department.
The Chinese Society of Cell Biology also reported the "voting" and its perpetration on Chinese government's laws and regulations and the Chinese scientific community consensus. "
Although some researchers have criticized Jiankui's opinion, others expect to release documents to be reviewed, and can be analyzed and # 39; build on facts and figures.
(With information from The New York Times, The Information Science and Science Mag)
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