Nina Martinez, a 36-year-old public health adviser, got HIV as a 6-year-old singer in 1983, when she moved blood in the years before blood banks started trialing the virus. HIV damages the immune system and prevents the ability of the body to fight the organisms that cause disease.
Despite her illness, Martinez's long-lasting spirit is heard.
“I really want people to think about what living with HIV means,” she said from her hospital bed two days after her work. "If anyone proves you are able to live all his life with HIV, I have been living with HIV for 35 years – almost the whole disease of the disease t United States. " T
Dr. Hugh Campbell said: t Dorry Segev, professor at Johns Hopkins Medical School and surgeon who worked Martinez's work, that the historic surgery "really identifies HIV" t [medical] care and development. "
'HOPE & # 39'; for people with HIV
Until 2013, the US did not grant HIV-positive organs, Segev said: "I was looking at the death of people with HIV on our resurgence list, and I was looking forward to us we must reject all who are able to give it, if they are dead or alive, because they were HIV-positive.
Nobody thought that HIV-based rehabilitation could be given, based on two threats: The virus itself can injure the black, and antiretrovirals – the drugs that control HIV – that are poisonous to kidney. “We needed to show that some people with HIV could be healthy enough to be a black donor and live with just one kidney,” said Segev.
As people live longer with HIV, more black failures associated with high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease are more pronounced, Martinez explained. “Because the time people wait for people living with HIV is affected, if you live with HIV, you are almost twice as likely to get through. when you are waiting for a kidney, "she said.
In November 2013, the Equity Policy Equity (HOPE) Act allowed researchers to carry out surveys of organ transplants from HIV-positive supporters to HIV recipients. The act does not give priority to HIV patients but it does provide a source of people who are providing for HIV.
For her own surgery on Monday, around 100 HIV-to-HIV was transmitted in the United States, but all still included deceased donors.
A program of the TV show "Gray's Anatomy" which featured a lively HIV-to-HIV transplant that spanned Martinez's imagination.
'It was not until my friend was broadcasting his demand for a kidney that I was really thinking about this hard,' she said. An internet search was also conducted into Johns Hopkins.
"Unfortunately, my friend died," she said, and so her offer has gone to an unknown person, a good game chosen from the Johns Hopkins black waiting list.
To fulfill her dream, Martinez needed to be carefully screened.
The second type of HIV
"Nina met the standard criteria for donors: She was living without hypertension, without diabetes, and HIV is the only risk of an additional risk of renal disease. Our research has shown that that was an appropriate and minor additional risk, "said Dr Christine Durand, Professor of Medicine and Psychology partner and member of the Johns Hopkins Targeted Cancer Center Sidney Kimmel and HIV team specialist for Martinez surgery.
Martinez said that access to healthcare is "a great help" for her health and life. She hasn't got a car in 14 for years so she walks a lot. She also runs a marathon with the nonprofit Grassroots project, in which athletes from students teach the rights to prevent HIV from young people. “I thought the long-term HIV patient situation with athletes in the NCAA Department was quite funny,” she said.
HIV & Martinez are also under “excellent control”, as is measured by a cellular count and an imperceptible level of her blood virus, Durand said.
Segev said “the beauty of the job is that it has action itself similar to hundreds of other grant businesses I have made; it was a meager existence. "
On the day of the work, Martinez was traveling the halls, "already doing great," he said. The person getting the job is doing a lot. Black is working amazingly. ” T
Durand said that "this central part of this thinks that the recipient is likely to get a second type of HIV from the donor – a thing we call HIV superinfection," which is true in every tar- t HIV-to-HIV.
The donor and recipient must be consistent with the HIV drug, she explained, so when the person gets the new HIV strain, the drug regimen will continue to work for them. "We can, if we need to, change the treatment of the alternate person, but we need to have a plan to do that," said Durand.
Campaign to reduce new HIV diseases
During a speech by the Union State in February, President Donald Trump called for HIV to be banned in the United States by 2030. Last week, Divisional Department explained t US health and human services campaign to reduce new HIV diseases in the USA at least 90% over 10 years.
More than a million people live with HIV in the United States. To them, Martinez's historic work means “this is one less stigma attached to this disease,” said Segev.
From the minute she decided to finish an operation, the process took a organ donation about nine months, Martinez said: "I feel I have a strong faith, as I am my own rock of mine." resolutions or unusual decisions where I do not know the outcome, I am just finding and believing in myself, and normally that I can find out me.
Martinez hopes that her gift will inspire others – whether they are HIV-negative or positive – to consider living organ gifts.
"There is a severe body shortage in this country," she said. "It is a really real way to make a difference."