“Acting is the least confidential thing of every trade,” Marlon Brando once said. But for scientists, doing what happens in an actor's head has always been a puzzle.
Now, researchers have said that the youngsters are exposed to different patterns of activity in the brain depending on whether they are in a character or not.
Dr Steven Brown, first director of McMaster University research in Canada, said: “It seems when you are involved, you are breaking down; it's very similar to your character. ”
Royal Society Open Science magazine Brown and colleagues will report on the training of 15 freelance actors, particularly theater students, to undertake the work of Shakespeare – both Romeo or Rome. Juliet – in a theater workshop, and asked different questions. responding in character. They were then invited into their laboratory where the brains were scanned in a series of tests.
Once they were entered into the MRI scanner, the actors were asked to think about their response to a number of new phones that got up on the screen, and which could happen lovers of the stars, such as if they promised a party? And would they tell the parents that they had fallen in love?
Each actor was asked to respond to a range of questions, based on four different buildings ordered by random order. In one, they were asked for their own opinions; in another case, they were asked to say how they thought a special close friend would answer, and in a third they were asked to answer as they were Romeo or Juliet.
In the other, the actors – all with Canadian accents – were responding from the view, but with English flavor.
Results showed that brain activities were different according to the situation.
When the team looked at the patterns seen when the actor was contemplating how his friend might respond and compare it to those who caused their own personal response, they saw a fall in activity. T the brain in certain areas of the direct cortex. These changes are similar to the changes seen in previous tests which examined “theory of theory” – in other words, the ability to be able to access as 39%; other people might think or feel.
When the actors were similar, find the team resembling a similar change – recommended when they are working, that people use third-party knowledge about their character.
But, the team said they also received an additional reduction in activity in two areas of the pre-historic pre-historic cortex, as compared to when the actors were responding. their own way.
“The action relating to reducing, prevention, and knowledge of the features that I think is relevant to what is involved in action,” said Brown. An action similar to this happened when the actors changed taste, but they replied from their own opinion – something that Brown suggested could be a useful way of getting involved in a job.
Only when Romeo or Juliet did the actors show an increase in activity in a district called precuneus, which is associated with sense and aspects of attention among other things, as compared to when they were answer themselves.
“Actors have to break their senses, they need to watch themselves and be at the same time,” said Brown.
However, Dr Philip Davis, director of the Center for Reading, Literature and Society for Liverpool University, had not been damaged by the survey, saying that acting is about more than not being planned or unpopular; Ignoring ”being a person – he. is related to linking with the text and the language.
In fact, Davis said, a long time ago. “It is [research] you recommend yourself and that you do something else – you do kill yourself, ”he said. “But, of course [actors] also use parts of themselves that they wouldn't use. '