Arabs by Tim Mackintosh-Smith – offensive charm


The words “Arab” and “Arabs” are universal. After Khashoggi's deal, the American President, Donald Trump, was accused of being too close to his “Arab” allies in the Gulf. The high-court court blocked Michael Ben-Ari, the leader of the Jewish power party, from standing in the parliament for his views “anti-Arab” and his desire to have most “ the Arabs]have been deleted.

But what do we mean by “Arab” and who do we mean by the “Arabs”? In answering this difficult question Tim Mackintosh-Smith sees “Arab” as “a very broad, sticky bed (which has been around for nearly 3,000 years), and still has very slippery. ' The term is now implemented more than 400m people living on the land from Morocco to Gulf. But for most of its history its use was restricted to 'outsider' or tribal groups who lived outside the reach of a well-established society, people who would be called “civilian” – t Greeks or Chinese – like barrels.

But still, before Islam came and what an author wrote Arabs calls for a 'physical extension tsunami' after the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632AD, the camel emigrants living in an Arab peninsula became the language of becoming more powerful t west of Asia and northern Africa. Before coming to Islam this was a largely traditional language with the Arabic language and idioms which replaced the old language, as people rose to “Arabised”.

This process, Mackintosh-Smith, is arguing, changing different dialects as “the linguistic dialect”. . . self-sufficient into a settled society ”. After that Islam brought people to Mecca, a 'impression of twigs and words,' which made their own people use the better of the Arabic language as a whole, and where that speech was to reach. the top qur, high with heaven. As Mackintosh-Smith sees, Arab history, in its rich diversity, is largely about the powerful Arab power – one of the Semitic families of languages ​​who changed the 'languages ​​of tribes and poets chiefs in regions of Arabia and the Levant.

While he gives priority to the language, Mackintosh-Smith does not forget the military movement that vast tsunami worked: he refers to the unique blend of the language. Arabs, about two important flasks, the dromedary and the horse. “Put the dromedary on the horse and you have the perfect double act. . . you plague to battle on your sleep, which carries food and water for horses, and then carries you into the heather stolen, ”he wrote. “The old woman is the spear plow you take out, but the horse is the spearhead. ”

These military skills were revered in the traditions that led to a pastoral warfare which worked in the Arab peninsula, possibly from the fourth century to the second century BC, long before Islam was discovered by the Department. T Europe is still hiding in Rome. But it was above all that the Arab sent into the “super-tribe”, creating – even if temporary – one of the most accessible representations in Britain. T world history. The Koran himself – seen as the language of God – accepted Arabic as a bureaucratic language under Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (re-rule AD685-705), who ruled from Damascus, was critical to this process, leading to Mackintosh-Smith's vision of the Arab world and his word. “Other iconic groups – Scythian, Turks, Mongols – have not been one of the strongest and long-standing synergies. ”

There is no language as there was an English-speaking population from 1776 – enough to be the voice of empire. The political imperium of the Arab imperium was soon to be disrupted because of reasons why security was enforced, where supporters gave in to governors and some would come abroad on them. T , to be governors themselves. But whatever their ethnic diversity, most of them would still be taking Gaelic away from them.

As Mackintosh-Smith applies, Egypt has been a fantastic example of this victory, which was an Arabization bone which has an unusual unified diversity. The Tulunids and Ikhshidids, the nobility of modern people such as the Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, and Kafur from Africa sub-Sahara, retained the power of the ninth and 10th centuries, the same rulers. Egyptian Egyptians would be included in the history of the Arab. Alchemy would continue to work on successive in-migration – Kurdish Ayyubids, Qipchaq and others Turkic Mamluks, Ottomans from the Balkans. Well into the 19th century, the son of an Albanian nephew, Muhammad Ali Pasha, said: “The sun of Egypt changed my blood and did all Arabic.” T

The problem with a vibrant language is its ability to absorb in-migrants and saints, for their religious observance, the way in which emotional tension is liable to exhibit t operating. t In the Arab world almost all scientific investigations are written in English or other non-Arabic languages, says Mackintosh-Smith, because the problem of getting the right Arab is t correctly and to include the right word for content to be “too offensive”.

The meaning of the language has an impact on the problem of a national identity. Since the 1950s and 1960s, when the Head of Egyptian Nasser used the radio service Voice of the Arabs to summon a Arab union message, the failure of nationalism on many Arab Muslims prioritized the identity Islamic beliefs. In an election made in six Arab countries in 2005, almost half of the respondents identified themselves as Muslims first. Only a third looked at themselves as an Arab first, and a smaller minority as state nations they lived in. Follow-up surveys showed that up to 79 per cent of respondents thought their first name was Muslam, with as little as 10 per cent or less giving initial recognition. as an Arab.

Such moveable ties are therefore clearly a problem for citizenship when a number overlooks the nationalization limits of current states' limits. Many things describe how devolved systems in the Arab world have disappeared today even after the call of the Arab mayoe.

Inter-group or children's loyalty – what was the name of savant Iha Khaldoun from the 13th century?asabiyya“This is celebrated by Mackintosh-Smith in the history of the sport that fascinates and fascinates, and which can be quite extensive and interesting. Clannisness – along with state-owned monopolies from oil or other minerals – is now underpinned by policing methods from sewer to seber. But the Arabic language, as Mackintosh-Smith sees, is also a problem, offering a universal, divine, and secular, vision that is often struggling with dreadful needs here and now.

Arabic: History 3,000 years of people, tribes and tribes, by Tim Mackintosh-Smith, t Yale, RRP £ 25 / $ 35, 656 pages

Malise Ruthven is the author of Islam in the World '(Oxford University Press)

Join online Facebook books group on FTBooksCafe. Subscribe to FT Life on YouTube for the latest videos at FT weekend

Source link