The history of the medicine can be so strange because it's interesting.
BBC journalist Thomas Morris knows well.
In his book, "Confidentiality of the teeth that fought and disrupted the history of cure" (Penguin, 2018) shows seven of the most remarkable issues in the accounts medical.
- The 8 diseases that are at risk of health in the world, according to WHO (and why none of them still exist)
- History history of the first major disease of disease that was drawn to sex (and why they were corrupted America)
Here we show you a summary:
1. Spread the teeth
200 years ago, a Pennsylvania, United States (known only as "Reverend D.A.") began to rejoice.
After him, he did everything he could make the pain easier: a & # 39; running through his garden as a wild animal, striking his head on the ground and his / her; face bending to glaze.
Unfortunately, all these efforts were in private.
The next morning, the men walked from one side to the island through checking, carrying their shoes, when it was suddenly "sharp, As a break-gun, he broke the pieces, giving him a respite immediately. "
- The incredible cause and mystery of teeth that increase the violence
Amazingly, the start of her & # 39; a blast of the priest's canine disease of explosive teeth That would be reported in the latest dental magazine under the striking title: "Breaking the teeth with a audio report".
Apparently, a young woman's shoes left incredibly when her teeth were broken off with such a bad suffering that he had put on, and her. deaf her for several weeks.
What things could this explosive cause cause? The scientists praised many theories, from sudden changes in temperature to the chemicals used in the first leaks.
None of these arguments were particularly sure, and so break the teeth of the teeth still unresolved so far.
2. The sailor's skies
In 1799, an American, 23-year-old American sailor, called Iain Cummings, was launched to spend the night with his companion in the French Le Havre port.
There, his dance group saw her; Entertaining large listeners to release a shovel knife.
Later that night, Cummings, who was already drunk, won that I could swallow a knife "like a French". Encouraged by his friends, the sailor of the daredeill put his story in his mouth and swallowed him.
When a spectator asked how much a knife could swallow at the same time, Cummings replied: "All the knives aboard the ship!", before giving another three.
It was a fantastic job, though it was awful. Although Cummings did not try to swallow more of a knife for six years, in 1805 he wanted to show it at a party and report it in front of a group of sailors.
But it's not long until Cummings started to. suffering his "unfamiliar" negative effects.
Terrible pain from the woman He ate more and more difficult and started sick.
He eventually died in 1809 after a long illness.
His doctors, who were not convinced that he had eaten a knife, were first pronounced, until they put out his body and were surprised Woodland remains of more than 30 innate knives and guns, and one of them even seemed to hurt him.
3. They hit a & # 39; cure
Nineteenth century physicians used a wide range of weird remedies, but Karl Friedrich Canstatt suggested that the German doctor Karl Friedrich Canstatt was not as impressive.
The renowned specialist in infantile diseases brought the following recipe to tackle the capture of young people: "If a man Holding pigeons against the child at the time of the attack, the animal will die sooner and the attack; decline with the same speed ".
It was a comment; there spread and, intriguingly, the Dr. Canstatt was the only doctor who thought he was working.
When St Petersburg's Head of Children's Hospital was asked, Dr. JF Weisse, to deal with a very ill child, one night in August 1850, was not very successful with the usual medicines.
Unfortunately, he asked the parents to find out. "After the bird was inserted to the child's person," he said in a medical journal, "he breathed for several times, closed his eyes from time to time, and put his legs into a spasm and finally disappeared. "
The boy got out awesome, although the same can not be said about the chaman: after refusing his food, he died a few hours.
When the "calm pigeon cute" news articles arrived in the medical magazines in London, they made a laugh.
But Weisse took into account the reasons and further investigated: "Testing with other chickens is essential," he wrote, apparently, intensely.
4. The soldier who removed his own floral stone
The colonel Claude Martin he was an eighteenth-century soldier who spent much of his life working for the British Indian East Company.
As well as enjoying a successful military career, he worked as a cartoon, architect and administrator. The most wealthy European in India and he also built (and she went to) first heat balloon in the country.
But the not so familiar about Martin, that he was the first person to play – and do – a medical method that was later known as a lithotripsy.
When develop muddy stone marksIn 1782, Martin decided to visit a doctor, and understand that jobs would be to take away pain.
Instead, the Frenchman introduced a hero into his own hands.
Martin designed a special machine made by knitting and whale treatment. Then He inserted this instrument into his own urethra and into his old man, and he broke his little stone.
In addition, the colonel converts to its massive methods up to 12 hours a day, for six months.
It was amazing, he worked: by the end of that time he had his marks away.
Fifty years later, Martin's approach became a very similar way to bladder stone treatment, and, Thanks to the original surgeon research in Paris, who did not know what the colonel did.
Martin was not alone The first one to play the procedure, later known as lithotripsy; it was too the first patient to go through this work.
5. A story about the miller
On 15 August, 1737, a young man named Samuel Wood was working at one of the windmills on Canna Isle in London.
A walker in the study of another bag of oats, he did not realize that a rope was a? hang on her.
When you face one of the large wooden wheels, the rope was caught in one of the gears and before he realized what was happening, he went through the air and suddenly fell to the ground.
When he got up, Fionn did not; Feeling pain, except for a little hitting the right shoulder. And then he saw what the stone was unexpected on his & # 39; wheel: his arm was surrounded
His arm!, he realized with terror.
It shows an amazing shape, it went down a narrow stairway and then walked to the nearest house to ask for help.
It's not a hard topic to go & # 39; Someone's Loss: The bad amount of wood was so bad that the doctors who were treating the young man were afraid of dead produce. But they were surprised that the arm had been sprayed so clean he was not in danger of the life of his patient.
Wood was found from its ban in a few weeks and it became a kind of famous peopleThe local hotels even sold images of the man who had left when the windmill turned his arm off.
In November 1737, three months after the crash, Samuel was brought to the front of the crash Royal Society so living animation, with his bend arm, which is now preserved in alcohol, which was issued to be examined by the collector scientists.
6. No stomach clutch
In the summer of 1859, a 12-year-old daughter from London, named Sarah Ann, wrote a nausea. His symptoms were not heavy and his parents did not worry any evening to add a big garden slug, which was described as "live and active".
Then Sarah Ann went on seven other chains, of different sizes, but everyone was alive, and her parents decided that she might have been in a position; It is time to get medical attention.
When asked if she had taken anything unusual, she told that doctor He likes to eat the booklet in the garden.
The doctor decided that he was without knowingly swallowing a family of young slaps that had become a stomach for several weeks.
He also noticed that Sarah had only one hand, something he gave him that his mother was "frightened by a ghost" when he was pregnant.
It seemed like the history of the crowds unclear and some experts who recommend that the girl should be in a position; release: "Can a garden be able to stay in the human stomach?" d '; He asked in the chief of the scientific magazine The Lancet.
JC Dalton, a professor of geography in New York, decided to get out. He carried out a series of tests that included wet slugs in a stomach acid to see what happened.
Each creature died in a few minutes and was circulated completely several hours later, and the teacher reasonably finished not; the worms can not live in the human stomach.
So what was wrong with Sarah Ann? Its illness is more interesting than exercise.
But what's the reason why a & # 39; worried, she was not sure she was a family of mollusks who lived in her stomach; there.
7. Fighting inconvenience
Halitosis, which is also known as a bad breath, is rare in breath, but it is rarely hazardous.
In 1886, a Glasgow man, who does not know, had been suffering from bad breath for about a month, disturbing a new signal.
When he woke up in the middle of the night, he let a game to look at his watch. When trying to blow it, his breath fled fire, causing a terrible explosion.
His wife immediately woke up and found her husband spitting fire like a dragon dragon
The person's doctor never heard anything and first did not know what might have caused this amazing thing.
But then another Scottish doctor, Jim McNaught, found a patient who was severely affected by a sweeter that was to be swept away and had to stop smoking for fear of being able to stop. burning down his house.
When a tube was inserted inside the human stomach, Dr McNaught was able to analyze the virus. He found out that he was banned on his lap the content of the human stomach is broken, making lots of concessionary meat.
Although potentially dangerous, this state was also a funny comedy.
In the 1930s, he tried to burn a bug when he played a game of bridge, but it hit a burp needed.
As a medical journal said: "When he was involved in a company he tried to do it carefully through the nose, leaving his companion on the embroidered when he made two fire out of her nostrils. "
What could be more famous than that?
You can now get information from BBC World. Download the new version of our app and activate them so that the best content can not be lost.
- Do you already know your YouTube channel? Content!