Bernardo Bertolucci, an Italian film maker, was style and emotional films between intense chamber dances to historical photographs, and died on Monday at his home in Rome. It was 77.
His death was reinforced by his wife, Clare Peploe, in a statement that did not indicate the reason.
Mr Bertolucci's early work demonstrated the renewable spirit of the 1960s and ' 70s, in particular the social and generic methods that were moving on the occasions.
He excited the new wave of France and worked regularly across borders and with an international ban.
The Final Emperor (1987), a biopic pujic of Pu Yi, who became the Chinese emperor of 3, who won the nine Academy Awards, including Best Deal and the Best Director.
But Mr Bertolucci's famously renowned film – and his most controversial career, came: Last Tango in Paris (1972), a detailed illustration of the intense sexual intercourse between an American midwife and a young Frenchwoman (played by Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, individually). Some thought that the film was pushed for genetic production boundaries, and others were expressed as abusive or pornographic.
The last Tango got a grade X, landed on Time and Newsweek, and only US $ 36 million earned the US box office. In Italy, the film was a subject of a long trial trial. In 1976, the Italian High Court ordered the reprints to be destroyed and Mr Bertolucci sent a wrong sentence sentence.
Bernardo Bertolucci was born on March 16, 1941, in Parma, in Italy, to become a wealthy family with stones. His father, Attilio, was a renowned poet and a film-like artist of time; his mother, Ninetta, taught literature. As a teenager, after the family moved to Rome, he began to borrow short films with a camera with 16-millimeters.
Despite early success as a poet, he won a collection of his prestigious Viareggio Prize poetry in 1962 – Mr. Bertolucci himself to a cinema. Extended from story handling by Pier Paolo Pasolini, the first guide, The Grim Reaper, which was published at the Venice Film Festival in 1962.
Even more than Mr Pasolini, Jean-Luc Godard was an early influence. Mr Godard has grown bigger than Mr Bertolucci's third – and his most tests – Partner (1968), the reconstruction of Fyodor Dostoevsky's DoubleSouth Westerly
A long-life clerk and member of the Communist Party of Italy began in the 20s and 30s, Mr Bertolucci was questioned as political work in political work when his work grew bigger. "You can not do political films in a commercial situation," he said in an interview with the New York Times in 1973. "The film is being released, the less the people could."
Le Last Tango in Paris, he moved away from the questions of ideology and political crime that had been disturbing him and in terms of his sexual orientation. grow. In interviews at this time, he referred to gender as "the same as still," and "a new language type."
Last Tango in Paris which was published at the New York Film Show in October, 1972, and immediately promoted the status of cultural events. Film researcher Pauline Kael said he was "the most powerful, ever-inspiring film" and has shown his first appearance for the first accomplishment of Igor Stravinsky. Spring ReportSouth Westerly
Ms. Schneider himself seems to have been destroyed by the movie. Only his actress, who died in 2011, was just 19 in filming and told the Daily Mail in 2007 that there was an unexpected vision. including a stickless butter without warning.
"Marlon told me:" Maria, do not worry, just a movie, "but in the scene, although Marlon was doing, it was not true, I was I was really dear. I felt guilty and, to be honest, I felt a little raped, with Marlon and Bertolucci. After the scene, Marlon did not my memory or my excuse. Fortunately, there was only one catch, "she said.
The 1970s Success The Shape, who was appointed during Mussolini and based on a novel by Alberto Moravia, and The last Tango let Mr Bertolucci take on his most prominent film, 1900, a multi-generation family saga about class struggle with an international card, including Robert De Niro, Gérard Depardieu, Burt Lancaster, Donald Sutharlanach and Dominique Sanda.
Mr Bertolucci declared a 5½ hour cut at Cannes Film Festival in 1976 to mixed reviews. Mr Bertolucci created a four-hour draft for American release the following year.
In 1978, Mr Bertolucci married Ms. Peploe, who had been a deputy director 1900He post-sided his next film, Luna (1979) – about opera singer (Jill Clayburgh) and her son – with Ms Peploe and her brother, Giuseppe. The Fellowship of a Curious Fear (1981) Ugo Tognazzi won the Cannes Best Act Award.
Mr Bertolucci moved back into a historic way The Final Emperor, the first West feature allowed for a movie within its & # 39; Forbidden Town in Beijing.
As a result of poor health problems and backdrop, Mr Bertolucci conducts his final film, You and me (2012), from a wheelchair chair.