The wisdom obtained when it comes to a mental capacity is "Use or lose". But there is a truth in this old beast? Our most recent research shows that it depends on what you need to start.
There are hand-held surveys that have a look at the effects of a & # 39; stimulating mental, emotional activities, such as puzzles, have had a great deal of mental abilities to support the "use or loss" advantage. However, these studies have often been based on photographs in time – called cross-sectional surveys. To find out whether there is a link between mental interaction over life and mental abilities in old age, you need to monitor people's habits and mental abilities over life.
For our review, recited in the BMJ, we wanted to find out if mental partnership protects against mental decline, or if those with mental benefit getting more involved, and sending it to; think that this type of behavior is dependent on their best abilities. In order to answer those questions, we needed to work closely with our research partners and to re-evaluate their intellectual capabilities over time and time; comparing their ability to achieve them in the early life.
Scotland is special because in 1947 almost every 11-year-old child did not have the same mental capacity test. The Scottish Council for Research in Education kept these records and in 1998 we allowed us to talk to the people who lived in the exam.
We confirmed people who lived independently without dementia up to five times over 15 years. Demographic records, clinical, questionnaires and psychological information were recorded at all evaluations and related to changes in performance on memorical exams and mental recall.
Our products are special because they include infancy data from rare rare historical research. They showed, at the end of life, mental ability levels are closely linked to current levels of problem solving.
Our study was able to describe the information of children and education and revealed that the degree of decline in life-end experience was different from people who expressed different levels of participation. However, associated levels of attainment were at entry level, at 64.
Mental information was linked to an intellectual partnership, which raised its question: are people more acute and? getting more involved, or are they more skilled because they are getting involved? If the second thing was true at the end of life, we would expect to have a level impact; decline.
We have shown that an intellectual link in this group of people without dementia is linked to lower levels of mental decline. But a link is linked to the intellectual benefit obtained from childhood until mid-century when we started the test. In other words, puzzles will be made and their & # 39; making interesting things over life to improve your IQ, and so when the inevitable declining emotions are going to do so; Position later, you have a higher position to start. All levels are declining, regardless of what level of partnership there is.
At this stage, we can estimate how intellectual life-long connectivity is and; Contribute to protection from falling under an intellectual train where you would be considered weak. This is achieved by starting from a higher point.
Our conclusions are consistent with comparative studies that followed by older people from the age of 50. We have resolved problem solving in particular. This includes the inclusion of interventions to allow density to be done; getting older to include components of problem solving, such as complex novels reading, and # 39; solve a puzzle across and using a gadget.
Roger Staff, Senior Honorary Senior Lecturer, University of Aberdeen; Lawrence Whalley, Emeritus Professor of Mental Health, University of Aberdeen, and Michael Hogan, Senior Lecturer, Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway
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