Causes of death in certain deaths among children aged 5-14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an examination of national mortality surveys t



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Abstract of Summary

Background information

With global growth for children under 5 years of age, attention needs to be given to around 1 million deaths from children aged 5-14 years who die each year. Grounds for death at this age are still being recorded well. Our aim was to investigate deaths in the death of death in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico, about 40% of the world's children aged 5-14 years who need more than 200 A total of 000 deaths per year at these ages.

Ways

We examined data on 244 401 deaths in children aged 5–14 years from four sources of national data which received direct deaths for death purposes: Death Monitoring Indian Bills, Chinese Surveillance Points, Death data from the Mexican site Instituto Nacional de Estadística the Geographic, and death data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. We display data on the 12 main groups of diseases in each country, with a breakdown by communication and nutritional diseases, non-contractual diseases, injuries, and unexplained causes. To make age-specific and gender-specific death rates for each purpose, we imposed the national death penalty to the UN death cases for 2005–16 for each country.

Results

Unlike Brazil, China, and Mexico, communication diseases still exist for almost half of Indian deaths in 5–14 year olds (73 920). [46·1%] of 160 330 deaths in 2016). In 2016, the highest mortality rates in India were in almost all sectors, including infectious diseases. Rapid decline in girls in the death of a solitary disease has reduced the gap by 2016 by boys in India (32 · 6 deaths per 100 000 girls) t vs vs. 26 · 2 every 100 000 boys) and China (1 · 7 vs vs. 1 · 5). In China, injuries included the highest proportions of deaths (20 970) t [53·2%] of 39 430 deaths, which had a drowning main reason. The death rate at deaths aged 10–14 years was higher for girls for Brazil in Brazil, increasing annually by an average of 0 · 7% (0 · 3–1 · 1). In India and China, suicide rates were higher for girls than boys at ages 10–14 years. By comparison, in Mexico it was higher for boys of girls, rising annually to an average of 2 · 8% (2 · 0–3 · 6). Deaths from serious injuries, drowning and cancer are common in all four countries, with transport accidents in the three causes of death for both species in each country, except Indian girls, and cancer t the top three reasons for both species in Mexico, Brazil, and China.

Definitions

Most of the deaths between 2005 and 2016 in 5–14 year olds in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico rose from problems that can be stopped or managed. T This age group is important for growing some global targets for children under 5 years of age. Interventions are also needed to control infectious diseases and injuries and to strengthen death reporting systems.

Funding

WHO and University of Toronto Connaught Global Challenge.

Introduction

In 2016, around 0 · 7 billion children were aged under 5 years and 1 · 2 billion children aged 5-14 years across the globe.

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DA Population DepartmentGlobal population opportunities: 2017 review.