The unsuccessful places to escape from the worst of the 20th century



Poor and frightened, three little children came to the beach. They had a great fever and behind their little bodies, aboard the small address from which they went out, they put the body of two maidens.

The group had been & # 39; trying to escape from start sickness that he hit the small, remote, laird at the place where the River Naknek ran ashore in the Bristol, Alaska Bay.

The unexpected time of the "Diamond O" cooking factory at the Alaska Pack Association in Naknek meant that "Spanish Swine" that had caused damage in much of the world, and also on this remote corner of the covered land with ice.

Winter bad weather was banned from September to May that somebody came to these payments until that time they got flee from flu which influenced many people of the world during 1918.

The pandemic had already been a 50-million-million-year application, more than a total number of deaths due to fear First World War.

When the boat came to the servant on June 4, 1919, he caused the disease to be on its way to the remote Inuit rural communities, people on the Alaska coast.

Next day, the leader of the team servant went to the children's home to help them.

They got out very horrible.

The reports on the men of the trip said the Savonoski town was a "terrible state" and "poor". Almost all adult people had a small group of 10 dead houses.

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Those who were still alive were very ill and told how their relatives had even fallen & long; as they were walking.

His image was which was made in towns across Alaska.

From some stories about it Shepherds of long dogs that fed on the bodies of the dead. In some communities, up to 90% of its population has died.

"Protecting Communities"

However, a few miles from some of the largest areas that affect Bristol Bay, a small settlement community called Egegak he escaped completely from the disease.

"It's odd that Egegak was the only town in Bristol Bay that had no problem with the illness," said chief executive of the Naknek Alaska Packing Association JF Heinbockel in the official report on the disease.

Other medical statements indicated that some of the inhabitants of Egegak showed just weak signs of the disease. It seems they were lucky.

How was the world trying to get out of its & # 39; market spreads out of the world, stories came from similar locations that had escaped from the virus.

There were not many: there were a number of remote islands, rural towns, walls with walls and some of the schools among those places that were not affected.

But to teach about & # 39; these calls last "drop communities" it could produce very valuable today because the health authorities fear the next disease to be pandemic of this disease.

It is considered that the lessons that they contain include the importance of the United States Protection Division threatening reduction group. Investigating some of the places in the country that did not influence Spanish flu hoped for some Know how the army weapons keep safe in the future

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Overall, the authors of the report focused on seven communities that found out that they had escaped from the virus, although they say that others may not know it.

"These communities have been heard in particular," explains Howard Markel, a scientist at the University of Michigan and one of the authors of the study.

"No one came inside and nobody left. The schools were closed and the people did not meet. We came in with the word & protection control & # 39; to describe a group of healthy people protected from the risk of infection from outside. "

The fact that these communities were there remote areas He also helped by protecting some sites in 1918.

The US naval base on the Yerba Buena island, in San Francisco Bay, there was only one boat. There were 6,000 residents connected to the island and visitors were not allowed stepped down

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"The time you open the doors, the virus will come into the body of the people who reach it," said Markel. "The call Protecting hijacking & # 39; It's fine as long as you do it. "

"But, the idea that you can not close a modern city or even a university is very similar, it's really expensive and difficult."

It is possible to defend it

It is not clear why these are trying to delay the future of the # 39; disease lower rates of death in those places. But research has been suggested that a long time, as the virus progresses through numbers, has circulated natural changes they reduced their ability to be ill.

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There may be other scope for some people to get a step immunity against the pandemic.

In Denmark, for example, the widespread disease killed "just" 0.2% of the population, and in Australia it was 0.3%. China also fled, with very few deaths, something that could be in the protection of its potential within the population.

"This is called here Antigen & recycling opinion"said Professor Gerardo Chowell, a Georgia State Scientist in the United States, who has tried to put it into the events that led to the pandemic of 1918.

"In some areas, the older figures did not have a huge impact because they had some protection as they were when they were children."

Although a & # 39; Still, he has offered some Ideas that can help health experts in the fight against pandemic diseases. Today, some countries offering annual vaccines face seasonal flu measures to help their people; temporary protection.

According to research by Jodie McVernon, an immunologist at the University of Melbourne (Australia), this could "give important protection at the early stages of new disease discharges."

"Further of your invitations, more visible you are giving to the different versions that the virus can take, "adding Markel to it.

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But even in places of immunity, its residents saw how some of them were ill. This may mean that the virus also has a & # 39; reaching those remote sites, but having already influenced other parts of the world and somewhat weaker than a measure.

Their impact is; there?

However, the blood tests made in Alaska have shown that a remote population has never been open.

The people in Yupik settlements in Gambell and Savoonga, on the San Lorenzo island, in the Bering Strait and even on the island. s most remote of Sao Paulo, further south, no they found find antibodies the 1918 virus counter when they took samples in the 1950s.

Although these places are likely to be largely protected by their geography, other communities have taken steps to protect themselves with their own hands.

Barrow and Wainwright settlers from northern Alaska brought military guards around their towns and prevented travel between the different settlements.

When scientists confirmed people who lived in a series of remote settlements in northern Alaska, they discovered that they were also free of antibodies, and Praise they have never been seen.

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Many of these towns seem to be they were warned before the virus that was big when he spread through Alaska.

"Some of the places have been put forward," said Nicole Braem, a cultural expert at the National Bering Bridge National Reserve, part of the US National Park Service.

"Many of the settlements in Alaska have not been affected, largely due to the quarantines that were established on the voyage routes or because of their frustration. The communities at that time were awesome for food and clothing. and goods that were imported from other parts of the United States [en comparación con los de hoy] "

In the new world, these close settlements would be much harder. Many places are now not dependent on the product provided from another part of the world.

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Transport networks also mean that many places are now very remote.

"In 1918 they did not know much about the virus or the cause of the pandemic," said Howard Markel.

"Today we know how we will handle it: we have antivirals, hospitals with intensive care units, retailers and many other control, surveillance and surveillance systems, but we will travel longer and faster than ever. The distribution may be much faster of what we could do. "

There were also some of the communities in 1918 who had probably escaped from the virus.

The 737 people residing in the town of Fletcher, in Vermont (the United States), challenged the council to avoid communication with the outside world, organizing dance and her; serving a county fair in a city by side.

The town even married a soldier from a military camp in Massachusetts that saw the disease affecting 28% of the population and its presence. death of 757 deaths in the same month in which his wedding was.

Despite the 120 guests who attended; It was like Fletcher's residents had shot a shot.

And here good luck The people who are escaping in 1918 may be the biggest lesson to offer today's healthcare professionals. Many communities implemented tight protection measures and accidents that also suffered pandemic.

"Even though they were familiar with their flu and can not keep them from coming, he came at least," said Katherine Ringsmuth, historian. "The disease hit as soon as most people did not have the chance to respond."

The fall of the salmon stocks could be at the end of the town of the Aegegak. "It was a terrible year for her salmon, because they had been getting a lot of salmon doing their war for the war in Europe that has dropped the number of fish, "Ringsmuth says. believe.

"With those circumstances, there may be that there is no reason for anyone to visit the area," the academic is displaying.

Subsistence, sometimes, can be reduced slowly.


This article was first published in English for BBC Future and you can read here.


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