Hong Kong –
Chinese researcher Monday said he had gone on to in vitro roofing with modified gene which caused a couple who opposed their AIDS virus, a statement that motivated ethical criticism by an action considered "dangerous" and "irresponsible".
Jiankui, a professor at the University of Shenzhen in southern China, sent YouTube on a video announcing the birth of a couple of weeks after the DNA changed. so that they are against AIDS virus. He stated that the HIV father is positive.
The researcher, trained at Stanford in the United States, explained that he was running a specialized genome lane in Shenzhen, that he was The Crispr-Cas9 method, known as "genetic scissors", which allows the deletion and replacement of the non-selective parts of the genome, because computer crime is corrected.
The babies, called "Lula" and "Nana", were born with an in vitro product of modified embryo before being introduced inside the mothers.
"After the introduction of human sperm into the egg, the Crispr-Cas9 protein ecology was responsible for changing gene to protect the women from HIV disease in the future," he explained Jiankui.
Changing DNA can be useful for avoiding infections, but this practice is difficult because it is the genetic changes are inherited by the new generations.
The MIT Technology Review stated that technology has "ethical responsibility".
This medical test was reported before the beginning of a conference of genome experts in Hong Kong when China's researcher needs to give his findings in detail.
However, following the complaints received, it will not be assaulted in this genetics communication.
This medical demoration test It was not proven independently. The Chinese team did not produce its product in a scientific magazine.
– "Very problematic" test –
After the statement, many Chinese scientists and scientists criticized this test.
The university in which he works reports that he stops his salary from February and thought that the irrigation of a modified genera represented "to block rods ethical estimates of the academy and its "norm.
"This research was carried out outside the university framework," said the University of Science and Technology in South America in a Monday statement.
A hundred scientists also published a statement in which they criticized the test and request the legislation to change in vitro tune.
In addition, international researchers criticized the release of the news through a YouTube video
"The production of these results in a YouTube video is a difficult scientific habit," a & # 39; Nicholas Evans, a professor of philosophy at Massachusetts University of Lowell in the United States, works on biological issues.
"This eliminates the control processes that have many scientific advances that fall, such as peer evaluation," he said, to investigate AFP.
Whether it is named or not, the subject will increase "serious serious concerns", says Sarah Chan, from the University of Edinburgh, named by the Center for Science Media.
"It's likely to make such applications, most likely trying to disagree (…) inconsistent," he said.
Jiankui did not respond to the AFP direct questions. (I)