Eat in a safe place



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What we eat and what we eat threatens both our health and how it is; planet and writer of the lecturer Sean Connelly.

A recent article in the medical journal The Lancet On food in the Anthropocene he has been getting a lot of attention. He talks about the results of a multi-disciplinary research agency that was Investigating food can offer food to a billion people and 10 billion people within environmental constraints by 2050.

The intention is not to link health and the environment through new foods. These links are the 1971 book base by Frances Moore Lappe Diet for a Small Planet.

The new thing in a comprehensive scientific study of the effects of having a " make these connections and improve healthy eating targets based on a sustainable food system (see www.eatforum.org).

In a short time, if we do not change what we eat and how food is done, we do not really hope to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals or Paris Agreement on climate change.

The report uses a boundary concept and workplace safe to bring together health and the environment. In the context of our individual health, we can think of a safe operating place on our diet because the quantity and quality of our productivity we are; Sufficient use for our health and health. The safe operating area is defined by the area between too small and too.

At a global level, there are more than 820 million people who are outside this safe workplace at the low level, which means they do not have enough food, and almost 2 billion are there. ; Crossing the safe operating area by using too much food (and too much food). Nearly 3 billion people who currently exceed these health boundaries; mean that unhealthy diets are now a greater benefit for life expectancy less than the use of unions, sex, alcohol, drugs and tobacco together.

In an environmental context, the perception of boundaries and a safe operating space is a; describes human levels of influence on planetary life support systems (for example, climate, water, biodiversity, etc.) that are vital to survive. Based on scientific evidence from the industrial outbreak of humanitarian drivers as a global driver to change global environment, these boundaries help to create a global environment, identify where human effects come close to the parameters for what is considered safe for health; planet and human health. We have already made planets boundaries due to the loss of biodiversity and phosphorus and nitrogen streams, and we come to the threshold for climate change and land use change. If these effects are not reduced quickly, it remains uncertain.

Planetary boundaries provide a health boundary context. It means we can not even think about dealing with food, nutrition and unique health inequality. The way in which we provide healthy food and animal needs to be for the 10 billion people who are expecting it; Planet by 2050 with clear links with environmental impacts. The future food options can only be considered in conjunction with planetary boundaries. What we eat and how we eat needs to take care of how that food is done.

According to the report, there is a path for human health and environmental sustainability including dietary movement with a 50% increase in global measurement of fruit, vegetables, nuts and recipes and a 50% reduction meat and sugar. The food production system needs to support this food system that separates food in half, and protect biodiversity, which significantly nitrogen and phosphorus and its; Accepting the options available for reducing greenhouse gas gauze.

The evidence provided in the report makes it clear that the status quo's food system is not the option. At this time we have a food system that delivers poor health and environmental outcomes. People and the environment suffer from their & # 39; impact. However, the report also identifies food as the fastest loop for human health and wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Fortunately, our food system is capable of changing.

We can now begin with our own lives by changing our budget. We can ask questions about where our food came and how it has been done. If this information is not available easily, we can start asking that.

We can support efforts to maintain a high level of security; soil and land for the essential expansion of fruit, vegetables and ferns production near where we live. We can deal with food waste in our lives and want governments and businesses to do the same.

We can want our governments to work at local, national and international levels to support the global change of food format. We may want to have a food, nutrition and agricultural policy consistent with health and planetary boundaries and these borders have a respect for local local policies and international trade agreements.

We can all add to this shift of food and food, on a separate basis by changing our food and / or helping to change the food system. But they need both happening.

Sean Connelly is a senior lecturer at the Otago University Geography Department. Every week in this column, one of a panel of writers is in a position; addressing issues of sustainability.

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