HIV: Increased disease in older people NDR.de – Guidance



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As follows: 27.11.2018 11:44 clock

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HIV is transmitted through blood and other physical behaviors – especially semen, vaccine and analogue sentences.

HIV infection virus has no longer been the death sentence of HIV immunodeficiency. If recognized in time, AIDS breakdown can be suspended. But for every second person affected, their judgment is only made at an advanced stage when the disease has already broken AIDS. Older people are not particularly diagnosed with HIV: the number of new diseases over the age of 50 is rising steadily.

HIV infection in older people

People with HIV infections are often the most unusual as one of the classic hazard groups:

  • bearded men
  • drug cheat
  • Women with uninhabited sex by changing regularly with sexual partners

HIV infection is often seen in older people affected by secondary infections such as behavioral disease. Once done, it is difficult to understand.

Potential causes for the number of HIV infections older in old age: Sexualuse is not safer in a lot more generous after menopause, because its anti-menopause is astonished lose weight.

HIV infection: unfounded risk

Every year, over 3,000 people are absorbed by their virus in Germany. Especially outside the classical risk groups, the level of disease has increased. Experts estimate that there are not about 13,000 people who are They are even aware that they are knowledgeable that they are fitted. They emphasize the security of unwieldy security and they do not even need to prove the test. Many doctors also show an estimate of the risk of HIV infection in older people and so they do not. praising a test.

Early HIV tests are important

One of them is German-Hilfe AIDS Education campaign "AIDS does not want everyone!" start. It aims to teach people about the importance of what it is to do; detect HIV infection when AIDS disease breaks out. Therefore, an HIV test should always be done if it does not prevent infection.

This is how HIV is broadcast

It's been sent to & # 39; Virus virus (HIV) virus is spread through blood and other physical seizures – especially semen, vacant diarrhea and anal fires. The most common broadcasting method is an unintentional sexual protection. Proportion of disease from pregnant women is particularly possible when they are pregnant. birth and birth birth. There is no corporate communication in daily social life as well as sharing equipment, cutting tools and health facilities. pose any risk of disease. HIV is not only extracted through bleeding, tears or droplets or through pesticides, drink or drink water.

What happens in the body?

The viruses are multiplied in specific cells of the blood, the T cells are helpful. They are related to the & # 39; A group of lymphocytes, which is responsible for protecting the disease. For this reason, the viruses will build the genetic material into the cell and its; removal of chill to achieve HI viruses. After the viruses are multiplied in the cells, they will die. The result is a clear and uncertain breach of the immune cell system. Typically, the first sign will be & # 39; appearing two or three weeks after infection and are usually pronounced as a disease of flu. The rate of HIV transplantation is usually followed by a symptom-free degree. This can last for months or years.

In untreated diseases, there are poor ill health in around half of those who have been arrested ten years after disease. It is reported on the diseases that are infected; threatens life as Hard Alcohol Syndrome (AIDS). These are, in particular, a behavioral caused by the just-called pathogen-germinants that only add diseases when the organs are weak. In healthy people, these diseases do not happen or are uncertain.

HIV-based diagnosis is based on special antibodies detecting in addition to its & # 39; virus itself or its genetic material in the blood. If there is a disease, virus antigens are usually found after 16 to 18 days and special antibodies usually 22 days after infection. Vinyl genetic material can be found after eleven days. Early diagnosis of HIV infection is significantly dying. In addition, it also has aggregate effects as there are fewer diseases spread independently.

"Frozen medicine" remedies

So far, the disease is not accessible. Thanks to today's medication, however, it's good to handle. And life expectancy is as good as the quality of life of people who have a general impact. Drugs can usually prevent the start of AIDS. On the one hand, the drugs block the # 39; virus from attacking the & # 39; Avoiding a target and on the other hand they prevent virus breach. The disease is so frosty, so speak. In total, there are five different HIV drug groups available today. Entrance restrictions will prevent its & # 39; virus to enter the cell. They will block the envelope to a & # 39; attach a virus to the cell wall. For a virus to be able to bring genetic information into the cell, the information must be transcribed.

Transcriptase commercial barriers that contain nucleoside containers. block this process by & # 39; add a beautiful protein into the cell. Neo-chnocososide transcriptase blockers impede the engine's impediment; need to translate genetic information. Prevent a barrier to preventing the virus parts made in the chill from being collected to whole viruses. The most up-to-date group of drugs in HIV treatment is the integrase attacks called that. They prevent the introduction of viral DNA into the DNA of the cell of human hospitality.

Different medicines need to be cure

All right, the drugs cause new viruses to do. The number of free viruses in the blood is reduced and the number of T cells helps to prevent the immune system. to return. As a rule, the cure involves a mixture of different megabytes, because the viruses are a? the development of anti-poor individual drugs.

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Experts on the topic

Priv-Dhusan shovel number. Dr. Julian Schulze to the Wiesch, chief medical officer
Defectoology section
I. Mental Health Department – Gastroenterology with Ecosystem and Tropical Medicine sections
Center for Inclusion Medicine
Hamburg-Eppendorf Hospital University
Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg
www.uke.de

Dr. Hans-Jürgen Stellbrink, specialist in medication inside indoor, disease
ICH – Hamburg Infection Medical Center
Grindelallee 35, 20146 Hamburg
(040) 413 24 20
www.ich-hamburg.de

More information
German AIDS-Hilfe e. V.
Wilhelmstrasse 138, 10963 Berlin
(030) 69 00 87-0
www.aidshilfe.de
kein-aids-fuer-alle.de

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