Indian sciences that do not have the first evidence of Ape's presence south of Himalaya


For the first time, Indian palaeontologists have found homosexual fossils from places in Gujarat.

Researchers believe that the search is important because this is the first confirmation of their ability to; sitting outside the Himalayas. "These areas are rare all over the world and every new area has a great deal of mind," said Ansuya Bhandari, a palaeontologist at Birbal Sahni's Biological Institute, Lucknow, to find fossil and he examined.

"This finding is very important [as it indicates] Similar to an environmental situation of 11 million years ago in Kutch and in the Himalaya area, "VP D-Mishra, a former former director of the Indian Geological Society, The Wire. He was not involved in the study.

The researchers have been able to produce the file 10.8 million years ago (mya) – from the time of Miocene.

This geological period lasted between 23 and 5 mph. It has contributed many of the numbers of people to our understanding of the success of people since their first fossil was found in Potwar's aircraft in Pakistan, 1879. In the last 140 years , hominoid fossils from the Miocene age "were found along the Siwalik nan Himalayas climbing in Pakistan, India and Nepal only," according to Bhandari.

So far.

That means that this search is a possible game modifier. "We know now Sivapithecus"- today's ancestor's apple, similar to orangutan and who lived in the Miocene between 12.5 and 8.5 mph -" was a very wide range, from Kutch in the head south and south to Nepal in the north and east, "said David R. Begun, a scientist at the University of Toronto, Canada." It has to be a successful species to be found in so many places around 10 million years ago. "

In other words, palaeontologists may have found more fossils in the area. If they do, they can build a clearer picture of how these ancestors of the great apes could have migrated south of the Himalayas.

"Kutch's search was greatly enhanced by understanding the connection between Himalaya and the Indian peninsula," according to Bhandari.

In India, most of its hominoid fossils were detected in a & # 39; Hari Talyanagar and Ramnagar harbor in Jammu and Kashmir. Ramagal fossils were confirmed to approximately 12.7 mph and Hari Talyanagar fossils, between 9.2 and 8.6 m.

Miocene hominoids are divided into two groups: older males Indopithecus and smaller SivapithecusThe post-same is the same in the company; before, Giant indopithecus, recited by Hari Talyanagar in 1969. Three kinds of Sivapithecus – – S. indicus, The S. parvada and S. sivalensis – it was found across the Pakistani mountains and the Siwalik Indians.

"We did not expect that we found equality here (Kutch)," said Sunil Bajpai, who is Buying the Earth Sciences Department at IIT Roorkee and was part of the study.

But Bhandari and Bajpai were optimistic. In the winter of 2011, they were in Kutch to find fossils. The area has thrown up many fossils in the past, including those that have whales, crocodiles, sausages, turtles and other marine creatures. Within a few years ago, they found remains of calves, seals, and animals like elephants and today's sheets. These results allowed them to think that these creatures had migrated from Africa and Europe during the Gondwana supercontinent.

To break the geological time line of these events together, the crew began to look at the wild of rocks, which is one of the first animals to make an area.

At the end of that field trip, a rocky pattern used some of the patterns on the attention of Bhandari. Some excavations and cleansing around their wrong pattern appeared – a & # 39; first indication that hominoids traveled south of the Himalayas.

A small copy of the inside of adults changes. Belief: Bhandari et al

A small copy of the inside of adults changes. Belief: Bhandari et al

The researchers confirmed that the source was a # 39; correct right crops of equal adult. It contains parts of the thick ridge that is in the face; including toothpasts that attach to a kit and a ridge to a & # 39; mouth.

The canine and molar teeth were also recognized. The CT's analysis shows that although the hard captain was damaged, it was possible to estimate the dentures of the teeth.

The proportion of the canine and premolars was more like it Sivapithecus na IndopithecusIn particular In particular, the first and second molars were accurate with printed printing, as it was in other places Sivapithecus and the Miocene apes.

Although this feature was introduced, the team wanted to make sure they were on the right road at least. So they helped a horse.

In 2011, the crew got the remains of a South Westerly for the first time. An South Westerly the ancestor of today's horse and who came from North America. According to Bhandari, it is "biologically marked" because it has spread over Gondwanaland between 2 and 22 mph. A plaid and the South Westerly fossils were around 11 million. Indopithecus which lasts up to 9 months. So, the blow would be like a Sivapithecus Ferry.

The Miocene weather, between 15 and 7 mph, was a quiet weather, soft with green and greenwoods that covered large parts of northern India. Ultimately these woods affected animals with open habitats. The species that lived in these woods moved to the south or disappeared.

"I just want to show that the relationship between the Himalayas and Kutch," said Bannari, was apparent as a result of similar situations. "But we need more fossils from the department to collect the puzzle together."

The study was published in the magazine PLOS ONE on November 14, 2018.

Vrushal Pendharkar is an independent science writer.

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