The fixed link between cancer and tobacco may be a way of helping the links between moderate levels of alcohol and cancer and raising public awareness of alcohol-related risks, according to a published survey t the open access journal BMC Public Health.
A team of researchers at the NHS Southampton Foundation Trust at Southampton Hospital, Bangor University and Southampton University has estimated the risk of mid-related drinking cancer, which is a combination of its risk. related to cancer smoking.
Dr Theresa Hydes, corresponding author, said: "Our survey reports the percentage increase in cancer risk that the UK population could be exposed to. Different levels of alcohol consumption, and the only analysis gives equal weight to harm.
“We aimed to answer the question: Of course about the risk of cancer – that is, looking at cancer as a result of other beasts – how many cigarettes does a bottle contain? Our results reveal that a bottle of “bottle of cigarettes” has five cigarettes for men and ten for women each week. "
The authors estimate that non-smokers in men have a life-long life risk, linked to the risk of developing cancer during their lifetime. drink one bottle of wine each week 1.0%. For women, it is 1.4%. So if there were 1,000 people and 1,000 women drinking one bottle of wine each week, there are about ten more men and 14 more women who could be developing cancer at life. In men, this risk is most likely to be associated with cancer of the gastrointestinal system, but in women, it appears that 55% of cases are breast cancer.
The study aims to increase public awareness of the extent to which they are impacting directly on drinking standards, e.g. one bottle of wine each week can put people at risk of cancer, especially breast cancer. The authors note that this is in an important case because breast cancer is the biggest occurrence in women in the UK.
The authors also discovered that drinking three bottles of wine each week (about half a bottle each day) was associated with a rise – which could increase the risks from a wide range of health problems. of high life-long risk to 1.9%. in men and 3.6% in women, or 19 in 1,000 men and 36 in 1,000 women, respectively. This equates to smoking approximately eight cigarettes a week for men and 23 cigarettes a week for women.
Dr Hydes said: "We must be absolutely clear that this study does not say that drinking alcohol is any identical to smoking. Our search links to the threat of life on drink t Around the world, smoking will be different for many people, the effect of ten units of alcohol (one bottle of wine) or between five and ten cigarettes can be very different. '
To work out the risk of lifelong cancer associated with the inclusion of ten units of alcoholic drinks or ten cigarettes a week, the authors used risk data. lifelong cancer from Cancer Research UK (based on data from the National Statistics Office in the UK, Scottish ISD, which provides health information, health information, statistical services and advice to support the Service) t National Health, Scottish Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, and the Northern Ireland Cancer Data, previously published data on the number of cancers that may be given to tobacco and data t the risk of alcohol and cancer similar to average levels of alcohol consumption and tobacco use.
The authors warn that the study of total death in smoking against alcohol was not a comparison as it ignored non-cancer smoking or alcohol-related outcomes, such as respiratory illness, illness. heart and blood-ring.
Dr Hydes said: "Our estimate of cigarette smoke smoke is a real reason for the dangers of distributing historical information on smoking and has confirmed heavy drinking of cancer in Scotland. T oral, throat, voice box, but, in comparison with smoking, the general public do not understand this by using cigarettes as a comparator, we can distribute this message more effectively to help people. making more informed lifestyle choices. "
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Notes to the Editor: t
1. Research article:
Comparison of gender cancer risks between alcohol and tobacco: how many cigarettes does a bottle of wine have?
Hydes et al. BMC Public Health 2019
DOI: 10.1186 / s12889-019-6576-9
For confidential copies of the research article contact Anne Korn at BMC.
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