Researchers from the Max-Planck Institute for Human History Science and the University of Helsinki have examined the first ancient DNA from Finnish mainland.
An ancient DNA was extracted from bones and teeth from the 3,500 year-old burial of Kola, Russia, and a 1,5 year old burial of water in Finland. The results show the path that may be spread by the old people from Siberia to Finland and Northwestern Russia.
Researchers found the earliest evidence of a Siberia descendant in Fennoscandia in a population inhabiting the Kola peninsula in northern Russia, dating back to about 4,000 years ago. This genetic synonym was then transmitted to Finland who lived in Finland. The survey also found that people seemed genuinely related to Saami's daily people living in areas in many areas further south in Finland today.
For the current research, genome-wide genetic data from 11 individuals was recovered. Eight people came from Kola Rubha, six from burial to 3,500 years ago, and two from the Saami cemetery from the 18th to the 19th century. "We were surprised to find that the highest proportion of Serbian ancestry was the oldest samples that were examined here," said Stephan Schiffels, co-author of the study, at the Max Planck Institute for History Science Human.
The three others inspected for the study of the burial of water in Levänluhta, Finland. Levänluhta is one of the oldest Finnish funerals in which human bones are preserved. The bodies were buried in a small lake or lunch, and this seems to have a very good preservation of the remains.
Siberian ancestry is still today
The study compared to the elderly individuals not only for each other, but also to today's presentations, including other Saami, Finnish and Uralic language speakers. Among the current European figures, the Saami's largest division is of this ancient Sibiberian ancestry. Across the world, the largest portion of Siberia's ancient genealogy is the Naganese people, from northern Siberia.
"Our findings show that there was a strong genre between ancient antiquities and ancient Siberia," said Thisas Lamnidis, co-author of the study, "a suggestion that older people from Siberia could also a funding strategy, languages and / or cultural diversity by Finn from the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, despite the very accurate distance. "French ancient figures could be a live in a moving movement, a special life, and trade and transfer over a large area, with extensive links to others.
People found in Levänluhta, Finland, are similar to today's Saami
The researchers found that the population in Levänluhta was more closely related to today's people than Saami than to a non-Finnish people in today's Saami.
"Saami was closely connected to living in many southern areas in Finland now," she said. Kerttu Majander, first author, at the University of Helsinki and the Max Planck Institute for Human History Science. Interestingly, a recent language study suggested that the place-names around Levänluhta were in place; go back to Saami languages.
"This is the first research on an old DNA from Finland and the results are very interesting," says Schiffels. "But there will be a need for more historical DNA surveys from the area to make a better understanding of whether the patterns we have seen are fully represented in Finland."
The study was carried out as a collaboration between the SUGRIGE project (Helsinki Universities and Turku), and the Max Planck Institute for Human History Science. The archeology and knowledge materials were provided by the Peter Peter and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) Anthropology Museum and the Levänluhta project with the Finnish Heritage Group.
Head of Identity – This is an artistic picture of an old fisherman from Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov. Belief: Kerttu Majander