CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – With just one day to go, NASA's InSight spacecraft aims to turn a bull on Mars, and move as an arrow without turning back.
The InSight trip of six months and 300 million miles (482 million kilometers) arrives late Monday afternoon uncertain on Monday.
The robotic geologist – designed to investigate inside Mars, surface to a cross – must go from 12,300 meters (19,800 kph) to zero in six minutes long and long; as it breaks the Martian atmosphere, a & # 39; extracting parasite, burning to his engines and, ground on three legs.
NASA's first attempt to get into Mars is six years, and it's easy for everyone involved.
NASA's national science science officer, Thomas Zurbuchen, decided on Sunday that her stomach is already chopping. The most difficult thing is to sit on his hands and do anything, he said, but just hope and his; Pray all the way formally for InSight.
"Mars is going to be one of the hardest jobs that people need to do in planning research," said Bruce Banerdt, the leading InSight scientist. "It's a tough thing, it's a very odd thing that it's always enough to feel uncomfortable that something could go wrong."
The world's level of success of Mars is 40%, which counts every effort on flyby, orbital flight and its; landing with US, Russia and other countries dating back to 1960.
But the US has been launching seven successful Mars trips in the last eighty years. With only one touchdown failed, it's an amazing record. No other country has been able to locate and use spacecraft on the red surface.
InSight could have the eighth benefit to NASA.
He is shooting Elysium Planitia, a flat-by-side Martian belt, which the InSight team hopes to have a lot of parking in Kansas with small rocks, if any. This is not a walking trip. Instead, use the interior of a 800-bit (360-kilogram) to a 6-foot (1.8-meter) robot arm to put mills and seismometer on the ground.
Mutual seabird is 16 feet (5 meters); decrease to measure the internal heat of the planet, and the ultra-tech seismometer will listen to potential marsquakes. No such attempts were made before the other neighbor at the door, almost 100 million miles (160 million kilometers) away.
No experiments have ever been moved roboticly from the spacecraft to Martian's own surface. Excavation has not been deeper than several inches, and seismometer has never been working on Mars.
By exploring the darkest interior of Mars – still preserved from the earliest days – scientists hope to create 3D images that may appear as Our solar system's rocky planets are 4.5 billion years ago and why they have grown so different. One of the big questions that Earth created was so welcoming to life.
Mars now flows rivers and lochs; the deltas and the locks are now dry, and the planet is cold. Venus is a furnace due to its thick atmosphere; catching heat. There is a surface, which is closer to its sunshine, which is actually baked.
The idea of a plan acquired from $ 1 billion, two years, may even spread to a rocky world outside our solar system, according to Banerdt. Mars's conclusions can help explain the type of settings of the exoplanets called "and how they respond to the story that we are experiencing and # 39 ; try to find out how planets create, "he said.
Confirming planetary buildings, there is no way to find life in InSight. That's left for rovers in the future. The NAS20 Mars 2020 mission, for example, a recurring rock gathering that can show evidence of ancient life.
Because it has been as far as NASA's final Martian came – the rover Curiosity in 2012 – Mars is not a mania; expressing not only the place and the scientific communities, but everyday people.
The parties that are scheduled are planned on the coast to the coast of museums, planetariums and libraries, as well as in France, where the InSight seismometer was designed and built. The NASDAQ screen is big in New York Times Square and a NASA television broadcast an hour before 3 p.m. registered at InSight. So news will the Udvar-Hazy Center at the National River Museum and Spa Museum in Chantilly, Virginia, and the Denver Natural History and Science Museum. The InSight spacecraft was built near Denver by Lockheed Martin.
But the real activity, at least on Earth, will appear at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, the home of the InSight flight control team. NASA provides a unique 360-degree online broadcast from the inside of the control center.
Expanding touchdown may take minutes – or hours. At least, there is an eight minute communication capacity between Mars and Earth.
A pair of medium-sized soldiers will go to InSight from their attempts out in the & # 39; May try to spread their radio signals to Earth, with a weak time of less than nine minutes. These experimental CubeSats will just fly beyond the & # 39; red planet stopped. Your direct travel signs from InSight can access radio telephones in West Virginia and Germany. It can be heard longer from Mars NASA campaigners.
Project manager Tom Hoffman said he was try the best to do & # 39; keep calm outdoors how the hours will go down Once InSight is a & # 39; telephoning home from Martian's surface, however, he plans to behave very similar to his three grandchildren at a Thanksgiving dinner, ran around how wonderful it was and to hear.
"Just to warn anyone sitting near me … I'm going to discover the person who is four years old, so be careful , "he said.