Mars Mole Insight is a Martian new search for NASA


BerlinMarsh for New Martian: When the NASA robot looks up on Mars's surface as planned next Monday (November 26th), the job is start on HP3. The instrument, developed by the Aerospace German Center (DLR), is to be excavated as a youngman into the ground to find its most interesting Red Planet extracts.

HP3 – known as the developers called Marsmaulwurf to a friend – there is a hammer, mechanical springs and electric motors. "The intention is to investigate within Mars," explains Tilman Spohn from DLR, who is " guides the HP3 project to science.

It is about learning more about the structure of its planet and idiom under the surface. The marble mill will help to measure the temperature and temperatures of the earth, said Spohn.

So Insight gives Mars a resolution

But before, Mars Moor must live on the plan route. How exciting this is the last trip to Mars, the European Exercise Society That was known in 2016: Mars Schiaparelli's confirmation started as a result of a computer error when it came to land. The intention failed – similar to many others: only about 40% of the Mars campaigns have been launched so far.

At around 21,000 km / h, Insight will enter the Martian atmosphere Monday. The heat shield needs the landlord to stand up to 1500 degrees. Eleven kilometers above the surface, a parachute will then appear, and it is anticipated that the survey will be deceived so far so that the final will be brought back to ground with the brackets.

Hell will run uncertainly

There is a ruin on a trip with uncertainty – so it is weird those who are responsible in advance. They can not influence the rest of this mission. All of the requirements required for complex complex processes are registered into the country and run to automation Transitions from the ground control center are not now capable – Due to the fact that the landmarks would reach a long distance from the ground after the landlord's fourth hour. In the worst case, Insight then becomes a spaceship of the Martian dusty soil.

If the land is successful, the land will enter the Elysium Planitia north to the boundary of Mars. The area is relatively flat and free from larger rocks and rocks and has not yet been studied with the previous mission of Mars. Nasa Rover is familiar with a 500-kilometer distance knowledge – and so it's still all of the Mars tools closer to the website. Unlike, however, Insight did not move, but still at the website.

Once the land is safe, the place will be suitable for Mars Mole; start nearby. A robotic army connected to Insight HP3 will build.

"At the tour site, we expect three to seven meters of dispersed material in the ground," said Matthias Grott from DLR. This was important because HP3 was designed to sand on sand. "If we hit a stone and get a while, it's over."

Five meters deep in the Martian land

Outside, Mars Moor is not reminiscent of the creator of animals, rather than a small rocket: a 40-centimeter rod that is a bend to face. In an increase of 50 centimeters each one enters into a depth of five meters. A fast moving order is made possible to do this.

Le Insight, HP3 is connected to a cable so that researchers can heat the heat in the ground for a long time. If everything is done well, the citizen should send data to the Earth for two years.

In addition to HP3, another instrument will be used on Mars – and German researchers have also been working on it. The DLR and the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Gottingen were involved in the development of seismometer.

It should measure the shape of the earth and Marsquakes can do it. Although a series of long-term measurements could already be done on Moon, this has not yet been achieved on Mars.

Spohn and his colleagues believe that the mission is important because it allows us to make decisions about our own planet. "Science is a good comparison," said Spohn. So, by investigating geo-physical processes; desert planet, a better understanding of the development of the earth can be realized.

The exciting campaign of already about 650 million euro should already be spent in 2016. However, due to a lethal research instrument, its case had to be suspended for two years. The 360 ​​kilogram Lander design is based largely on the Phoenix space quiz, which landed on Mars in 2008 and provided data for several months.

Insight is already in the early years: In 2020, the "Mars 2020" rover will be launched, a type of revision of "Curiosity".

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