After covering around 300 million kilometers, the NASS InSight mission reaches Mars's surface today and installs seismometer and a thermal awareness for "deep inside" of the red planet called.
This new model, issued on May 5 from Vandenberg Air Base in California, will use a mechanical excavation to be able to go to # 39; drill up to about 5 meters (16 feet) deep and measure inward, as well as moving inside with any help of seismograph.
"This is the first objective to explore within deep Mars," said Spanish Fernando Abilleira, design vice director and InSight address and part of the multi-disciplinary and international team that & # 39; make up the mission.
"By studying the wave movement under Mars, through its seismometer, we will have more information about how it has changed" in the last 3 billion years, he said.
Abilleira, 17 years of service in NASA space projects, is a part of the engineers and scientists from London who study in the Laboratory Jet Propulsion of this agency (JPL-NASA), in in Pasadena (California), the "important signals" of the approaching planet, as hitting, temperature &
He told the Spaniards that he will see "up to the images" through "detailed scrutiny" of the two years of "primary exams" which the resolution will forward.
In order to expand knowledge of Mars creation and other rocky planets of the Solar System, such as Earth, the Seismic for the Interior Structure (SEIS) will be used, a seismometer made by the National Center for Aerospace na Frainge (CNES) and found "any movement on Mars's surface," said Abilleira.
The effects that are recorded by the SIX may cause the effects of meteorite or small earthquake, although the temporary "red planet" function is less than Earth. "By exploring the wave movement they are spread under Mars's surface, we can better understand the co-script, structure of obesity, detention and crust of the planet," he said .
The other device that promotes the Physical Identity Question and Heat Stream (HP3), built by the Aerospace German Center (DLR), which will be installed in Martian land at about 5 meters deep.
"This instrument has thermal senses that gather information on the thermal activity of its red planet," said Abilleira, who pointed out that Spain has added to this ambitious environmental station (REMS) equipped with theoretical sensations for Martian environment.
This specialist was in a room vehicle crash and was the way search of the "Curiosity" robot, which was accessible to the & red planet in August 2012, saying "Mars is very difficult".
"The speed of access is the distance of around 20,000 kilometers per hour and in less than 7 minutes we need to reduce that speed to 5km per hour," said Abilleira, a graduate from the University of Saint Louis in Missouri.
After a tour of over 6 months, the InSight mission will run over the five o'clock on Monday afternoon, the time of Uruguay, the Martian atmosphere and put it on top of the surface. A strategic weapon will remove the scientific tools installed on Martian ground.
It is expected that the Insight mission will provide information on how the Solar System started 4,600 million years ago.