NASA's Lunar Lunar Missions are very tough



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Full moon over NewfoundlandBelief: NASA

Last week, China stated that Changke 4's rover-pane occurred on the surface that was quite different from anyone on the other side. Finding information is now up to date. But an understanding of volcanic basal production across the world has been a long-term science objective, as NASA identified this week.

My first answer? Good for them. But why did NASA not do what Chinese people are now doing decades ago?

Certainly, Mars rovers are essential in understanding our solar system. But our lives seem to be tied to the fact that our moon has been created after the planetary Mars landscape has been thrown into the world almost under way. A moon later came out of the orbital rubble and the ground was never the same. So, and maybe it's unhappy, but surface scrutiny should be done; moon to be the main scientific objective.

"A moon is only three days away," she said. Tell David Kring, planetary scientist at Houston Lunar and Planetary Institute. "It's a bad suffering to investigate it as if it's a Mars or some of the external solar system destination."

To be fair, NASA has just announced plans for applications to deliver science and technology payers to the surface of the moon as early as the end of next year. The idea is to & # 39; Building a positive web to better understand the structure within its moonlight, lunar and chemistry for its origins; moonlight, NASA says. These strategic initiatives would indicate the way to return crew lunchtime production by 2028.

But there is even a crew moon; back before 2028 sixty years after Apollo 8 – a NASA's first historic month to go to # 39; go back down and down. That is near Lewis and Clarke returning from their 1806 historic tour to the wild in the North American continent and then, forget about the obvious reputation of this country for the next sixty years.

"Most of the moon is not explored," said Kring. "We do not have any sample from the northern police area, the southern part of the south, or the other side."

So, because of how close to the moon it is true unexpected that we have not mapped roboticly and investigated the moon on the surface in a perfect way South Westerly

The far side of the Earth's moon as it can be based on camera data on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter strategic sports board.Credit: NASA Space Flight Center / Goddard / Arizona State University

"For me, it is an offense to stop [crewed] investigated at the end of Apollo, "told Alan Binder, who was a leading researcher for the NASA Lunar Prospector mission.

A global mapping campaign would be to use rovers to go to # 39; map and record a & # 39; Whole moon?

Without skipper rovers will take months to cover lines of kilometers, so a global survey would be; brings hundreds of rovers many years, says Binder. The six Apollo's deities came to land on the Moon together, covering about 100 square kilometers, he says. But Note notes that surface space is a. Moon 38 million square kilometers, or equivalent to North America and South together.

"Orbital mapping allows us to remove the surface / rock data to larger areas of the moon, but there are thousands of lunar-free unity sampling and study units in the plants," Binder said.

And as Binder often says, the Apollo application sites are spread across a California-wide area and only on the middle side of the side. So, just 12 hours did not travel on the surface; Only 12 hours out of their moon models. So, he's asking, what would we expect to be & # 39; Gathering about the Gold State if only 12 geologists have been costing just 100 times; Just research six sites spread across California?

In the early 80's, Binder co-German / U.S. SELVE to the add-on to the program, ask ordinary robotic landowners to make any kind of doorstep anywhere on their moon.

Bindler says that 18 rovers would collect one kilogram of shakeachan racing first. Then, a level will return the specimens to Earth. They are called to use racks due to & # 39; First, the Apollo rakes used astronomers for the collection, about 200 such rake thrushes comprise a one-kilogram sample. A compound says that rocks in any sampling site are thrown there with the continuous meteoroid effects.

Multispectral view of Tycho Crater's moonlight.Belief: NASA

A bindle also notes that a belief that is based on a large white scale such as Tycho, may be possible to have a " sampling material that comes from up to a thousand miles away from the impact. Due to this, as bonds in ties, white rocks and ruffles were spread up to 1000 miles from the impact.

Orbital maps that provide the shape of the moon surface, landscape, magnetic measurement, and areas of globality are absolutely necessary to understand their / moon that says Binder. But the true data about the moon coming from rock samples is brought back to Earth's sites.

But Kring maintains that people are far more able than robots when they are; explore a complex geological area.

For this reason, Kring and colleagues have helped two types of moon surface checks to propose people. Such attempts have been using a rover robotic multi-year to measure the surface of the moon and sample specimens.

Then, once a year, the rover would allow a portion of samples to float into white. Then, they would get astronauts again at a gateway station or on NASA's Orion collector. The hampers returned to the Earth with samples in a drag.

The second Kring recommendation would be a five year human exploration campaign. Visiting five different treatment sites that use two anti-bad human hardships. The astronauts who used the rovers would be over 42 days before returning to Earth with samples. The rovers would stay and then they would have drunk them from Houston to the next tour site. Then, the second team will change the surface of the moon and those users who would be used to use the crew rating to continue to use them; explored.

This photograph was taken from the Apollo 8 spaceboat with a long long jump, looking south at the big skinny Goclenius, facing the foreground.Credit: NASA / JSC

There is also another reason to do a lunar surface survey — the unique ability to locate and find it; find foreign products, leaving that with some external civilization that visits. Scientist at the Arizona State University, Paul Davies, a long-term long-term convener announces me that the rovers are in conjunction with high-ranking lunar troops, the best option for huge effort.

"Rover can continue on any strange satellite image if it is nearby land," said Davies, who is " recommends a large representation of small, inexpensive rovers that can spread over the surface of their moon and then be executed on order. For, as he says, even with NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) half-meter, it would be easy to lose small characters if it's the case.

"But more importantly, we have no idea of ​​additional 10 million technology signatures," said Davies.

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Full moon over NewfoundlandBelief: NASA

Last week, China stated that Changke 4's rover-pane occurred on the surface that was quite different from anyone on the other side. Finding information is now up to date. But an understanding of volcanic basal production across the world has been a long-term science objective, as NASA identified this week.

My first answer? Good for them. But why did NASA not do what Chinese people are now doing decades ago?

Certainly, Mars rovers are essential in understanding our solar system. But our lives seem to be tied to the fact that our moon has been created after the planetary Mars landscape has been thrown into the world almost under way. A moon later came out of the orbital rubble and the ground was never the same. So, and maybe it's unhappy, but surface scrutiny should be done; moon to be the main scientific objective.

"A moon is only three days away," she said. Tell David Kring, planetary scientist at Houston Lunar and Planetary Institute. "It's a bad suffering to investigate it as if it's a Mars or some of the external solar system destination."

To be fair, NASA has just announced plans for applications to deliver science and technology payers to the surface of the moon as early as the end of next year. The idea is to & # 39; Building a positive web to better understand the structure within its moonlight, lunar and chemistry for its origins; moonlight, NASA says. These strategic initiatives would indicate the way to return crew lunchtime production by 2028.

But there is even a crew moon; back before 2028 sixty years after Apollo 8 – a NASA's first historic month to go to # 39; go back down and down. That is near Lewis and Clarke returning from their 1806 historic tour to the wild in the North American continent and then, forget about the obvious reputation of this country for the next sixty years.

"Most of the moon is not explored," said Kring. "We do not have any sample from the northern police area, the southern part of the south, or the other side."

So, because of how close to the moon it is true unexpected that we have not mapped roboticly and investigated the moon on the surface in a perfect way South Westerly

The far side of the Earth's moon as it can be based on camera data on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter strategic sports board.Credit: NASA Space Flight Center / Goddard / Arizona State University

"For me, it is an offense to stop [crewed] investigated at the end of Apollo, "told Alan Binder, who was a leading researcher for the NASA Lunar Prospector mission.

A global mapping campaign would be to use rovers to go to # 39; map and record a & # 39; Whole moon?

Without skipper rovers will take months to cover lines of kilometers, so a global survey would be; brings hundreds of rovers many years, says Binder. The six Apollo's deities came to land on the Moon together, covering about 100 square kilometers, he says. But Note notes that surface space is a. Moon 38 million square kilometers, or equivalent to North America and South together.

"Orbital mapping allows us to remove the surface / rock data to larger areas of the moon, but there are thousands of lunar-free unity sampling and study units in the plants," Binder said.

And as Binder often says, the Apollo application sites are spread across a California-wide area and only on the middle side of the side. So, just 12 hours did not travel on the surface; Only 12 hours out of their moon models. So, he's asking, what would we expect to be & # 39; Gathering about the Gold State if only 12 geologists have been costing just 100 times; Just research six sites spread across California?

In the early 80's, Binder co-German / U.S. SELVE to the add-on to the program, ask ordinary robotic landowners to make any kind of doorstep anywhere on their moon.

Bindler says that 18 rovers would collect one kilogram of shakeachan racing first. Then, a level will return the specimens to Earth. They are called to use racks due to & # 39; First, the Apollo rakes used astronomers for the collection, about 200 such rake thrushes comprise a one-kilogram sample. A compound says that rocks in any sampling site are thrown there with the continuous meteoroid effects.

Multispectral view of Tycho Crater's moonlight.Belief: NASA

A bindle also notes that a belief that is based on a large white scale such as Tycho, may be possible to have a " sampling material that comes from up to a thousand miles away from the impact. Due to this, as bonds in ties, white rocks and ruffles were spread up to 1000 miles from the impact.

Orbital maps that provide the shape of the moon surface, landscape, magnetic measurement, and areas of globality are absolutely necessary to understand their / moon that says Binder. But the true data about the moon coming from rock samples is brought back to Earth's sites.

But Kring maintains that people are far more able than robots when they are; explore a complex geological area.

For this reason, Kring and colleagues have helped two types of moon surface checks to propose people. Such attempts have been using a rover robotic multi-year to measure the surface of the moon and sample specimens.

Then, once a year, the rover would allow a portion of samples to float into white. Then, they would get astronauts again at a gateway station or on NASA's Orion collector. The hampers returned to the Earth with samples in a drag.

The second Kring recommendation would be a five year human exploration campaign. Visiting five different treatment sites that use two anti-bad human hardships. The astronauts who used the rovers would be over 42 days before returning to Earth with samples. The rovers would stay and then they would have drunk them from Houston to the next tour site. Then, the second team will change the surface of the moon and those users who would be used to use the crew rating to continue to use them; explored.

This photograph was taken from the Apollo 8 spaceboat with a long long jump, looking south at the big skinny Goclenius, facing the foreground.Credit: NASA / JSC

There is also another reason to do a lunar surface survey — the unique ability to locate and find it; find foreign products, leaving that with some external civilization that visits. Scientist at the Arizona State University, Paul Davies, a long-term long-term convener announces me that the rovers are in conjunction with high-ranking lunar troops, the best option for huge effort.

"Rover can continue on any strange satellite image if it is nearby land," said Davies, who is " recommends a large representation of small, inexpensive rovers that can spread over the surface of their moon and then be executed on order. For, as he says, even with NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) half-meter, it would be easy to lose small characters if it's the case.

"But more importantly, we have no idea of ​​additional 10 million technology signatures," said Davies.

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