NASA's Mars InSight comes out of her & # 39; Red Planet Monday, which provides a first insight into scientists within a & # 39; market.
InSight (Internal Investigation using Seismic Studies, Geodesy and Heat Transport) is based on Phoenix Lander 2008, Using elements left by Mars Surveyor 2001 launched.
NASA prefers not to talk about Surveyor cus, a & # 39; see how the ax was retained on the unexpected spacecraft after the Mars Polar Lander 1999 crash, on behalf of a separate NASA booklet to surprise Martian.
However, Phoenix was very successful, and the situation that is very much expected by NASA and its; expects, which doubled the 90 Martian lights that have been planned for the purpose before they come to dust and water in a way that we do; Cothrom is highly anticipated that Cothrom does not have the opportunity.
Accepting "if it is uninterrupted, uninterrupted," Lab Propulsion Lab (JPL) engineers have introduced the Phoenix design and organized it for InSight. The 360kg (once it's on the ground) is a & # 39; Two sun panels show, 2.2m in diameter and stand up between 0.8 and 1.1m, depending on the legs that appear; come ashore.
Unlike Phoenix, NASA said that it expects to InSight a & # 39; lasting nearly two years Earth on the surface. The solar panels 600-700W should be given on a clear Martian day and 200-300W when they are covered with dust.
The power, which would be regarded as NASA enough to run a housing device, and # 39; Driving the three main instruments carried by the landlord.
The 50kg science payment amount includes the Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure (SEIS), the Heat Reduction and Physical Features Parking (HP³) and the Cycling Training and Inside Structure (RISE).
The landlord also has strategic weapons that he will use it to put HP³ and RISE on the surface of its planet. By placing the device in direct dialogue to Martian dance, scientists expect the problems they face; disappeared by the Viking tourists of the 1970s, where semi-metadors built the stream of animations from the spacecraft instead of the planet.
Some HP³ are also digging to do. Tricky from the deacon's deck.
SEIS, which is provided by the French National Center for Études Spatiales (CNES), is used by a glossy shaped with three packs that find Mars's beauty quizzes.
Scientists have said that the data will return from an instrument a picture of the internal work and the structure of its plan. The inspectors will enter their fingers and the device also has a "#; Finding sluggish water that flows around the surface of the underground volcano volcano.
The heat probe, HP3, will drive about five meters below the surface of the planet after it was released by the InSight robotic army. The instrument's aim is to give a definitive measure of heat that flows out inside Mars.
The probe will grow deeper than the 2 meter designed for ExoMars rover ESA (although the second is a more moving move) and far larger than NASA settlers. Previously, which is scratched largely to the surface.
According to the Principal of Inquiry for the instrument, Tilman Spohn, tell the instrument to scientists if Mars and Earth created the same "material", and comment on how the rocky bodies came into the solar system.
The final principal instrument of the resolution, RISE, will monitor the situation of the land to find out what; photocopy in Mars "to move" as the planet will be sink. Scientists use the data to find out the highest level of iron-end to their; Mar and what other elements are present.
The instrument, which is placed on the deck of the landlord, also indicates that its heart is decomposition or hard.
Deep Space CubeSats
In addition to the Mars trip there are two CubeSats, MarCO-A and B. communication conversations. The major spaceship was regarded as exhibitors, but since both of them have a great deal of interest the Red Planet as independent registers, temporary term communication for InSight as the landlord drops to the surface.
Get the hard-hitting radios in MarCO in UHF and both will be delivered and installed. get into a bar-X, so data should be able to move directly to Earth. The landowner will broadcast information when it comes into, owns and landed in the & # 39; UHF band to NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which can not be once in one band and enter it into another. So without MarCO, strange Earth engineers could have been waiting for more than an hour waiting for news from InSight.
If the small spaceboat can be assured that they are possible, NASA is unsure asserting that technology could apply bids elsewhere in the solar system and at its location. least allow them to provide "interactive self" communication options during critical examination levels.
Timeline going on – a & # 39; show the right tone
The sport starts today at 14:40 AM EST, when the spacecraft is going to; divide from the platform that is taken to Mars. In a minute later, InSight will have a command to enter before going to the thin atmosphere in the & # 39; red planet, which starts at 14:47 EST and its & # 39; travel at 12,300mph.
Two minutes later engineers will expect the heat shield of the foretold to be tightly around 1,500 ° C, or high heat. 15 seconds later, the familiar spaceship will have the best possible reduction, combined with heating, radio communication quickly.
At 14:51 AM EST the parachute will be used, with the heat shield released later. 14:52 EST makes the radar turned to find the distance to the ground. Shortly after, the landlord's retro-rockets will escape and InSight slowly slows to 5 mph before falling down at 14:54 AM EST. InSight will return to Earth at 15:01 EST to indicate it's safe down.
The tone is important, and it is one of a series that engineers in the Earth listen because InSight passes every milestone that goes on; come in. Although the tone itself does not carry many in a way of information, they will give an idea of what's going on; happening. For example, when the parachute is used, InSight will slowly, which will cause the frequency to change the signal.
Two Earthbound radio telescope, Green Bank Review will be located in West Virginia and Max Planck Institute in Efflesberg, a & # 39; Germany, train Mars with the hope of detecting the marks if the MarCO are not experimental; playing ball. MRO data will be pulled to the ground around 18:00 AM EST, three hours after landing. Eventually, the Marsh Odyssey 2001 orbiter will record their touring events by 20:35 AM EST, a & # 39; including confirmation that the sunny lorries are essential in their use.
However, if everything works as the engineers hope, and the MarCOs are doing the stuff, there will be hipples at 15:04 EST when it comes to its appearance; first image from the laird on a screen on Earth.
The US investment in the InSight is so far $ 813.8m, which includes $ 163.4m to launch. France and Germany have set up around £ 180m for SEIS and HP³ respectively. And those CubeSats? Sgolt at around $ 18.5m. ®