Spy attacked Frode Berg for court in Russia: – Matters that ended in a conviction: 99.78 per cent



MOSCOW / OSLO (Dagbladet): In 2017, 698 616 appointments were made to Russia. 697 054 ceased to be convicted. That is, 99.78 out of all cases brought by the Russian prosecutors this year to death.

In Norway, 2017 had the same percentage at 93.52.

Although it may seem quite high in Norway, there is a significant difference in the number of different percentages between Norway and Russia. But in some areas the reasons behind the high numbers are the same.

misdemeanors

In Norway and Russia, less dangerous crimes represent the largest proportion of cases, according to Håvard Bækken, a senior researcher in the Department of Defense.

NOTE: Frode Berg (62) is imprisoned in Moscow charged with killing him. Here he is at the district court earlier in the case. Berg was arrested by Russia's security police, FSB in Moscow on 5 December. Video: Henning Lillegård Show more
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However, where there are a number of other countries more likely to discriminate against less serious offenses, Russia has a tradition of taking them to court.

– This means that you get many simple cases which result in proofs of ongoing links. The big amount of these cases pulls up, says Bækken.

Espionage: Solicitor Ilja Novikov and Frode Berg in Moscow City Court last year. Photo: Sergej Grachev / Dagbladet View more
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He has previously researched various aspects of Russian law rule, and he seems to be speaking generally about this issue.

Another common feature of the systems in Norway and Russia is the arrangements made with the complaint authority before a case is taken to court.

– The inspection is good and the responsibility will be very safe before you charge out expenses, Bækken.

These are the formal reasons. In Russia, there are a number of informal playback issues like the system works, explaining the high researcher.

"Enforcement of Enacted Law"

The strath has had previous research on what is called "optional legal use".

MEETING THE GUIDE: Norse name sister Gry Nilsen Aakers who meets a lawyer Ilya Novikov. Video: Malene Storrusten / Dagbladet Show more
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When someone chooses the formal system selectively – the law, the prosecution and / or the courts – to punish some personal reasons, it is a feeling of an optional legal act.

Such a purpose may, for example, criticize the authorities that have made opponents. There may be many other things too.

– It happens at every stage of the rule of law. From blending and down to regional and local level. This is wide-ranging, and results from a lack of shares between legal actors, the police and the authorities. Maybe it is so complicated that you know there is someone in the police, and they can get someone out of someone who doesn't like it, Bækken.

It is also used by the authorities, and is often facilitated by weak laws.

– Many legal texts are a fundamental uncertainty, which means that it can be used in many cases, Bækken said.

Larger, more, better

The difference from its predecessor and after the Russian President Vladimir Putin gained power in the year 2000 is also reflected in the Russian legal system. During his first two years as president, he revised the system of Russia's law.

Putin, his own solicitor, increased the number of courts and introduced a new system of local sovereignty with limited sovereignty, according to Bækken.

Measures aimed at increasing confidence in the legal system.

It has also taken a number of steps to increase the reputation of judges and judges as a whole, and in particular has improved its ability to deliver legal justice to people at lower levels. He also greatly increased the wages of the judges, says Bækken.

And greatly improved, but in recent years progress has stopped or been given. T Although Putin took the legal system seriously to benefit people, the system also strengthened its own position.

– Steps have been taken not to weaken the central authorities, rather than against.

Resolution to "back room"

It is this system that Frode Berg, who is 63-year-old, is charged with being accused of going against the Russian Federation on time. The system is the formal end of the process against a retired Inspector, who was arrested in Moscow on 5 December 2017. This system resulted in no one being freed from shouting in 2000, according to a solicitor from Scandinavian Berg, Brynjulf ​​Risnes.

– Our lawyers do everything we can to attack the formal paths, first to take as low a punishment as possible. When one has discovered what can be done there, it is about forgiveness or forgiveness, said the ECB's solicitor Berg, Brynjulf ​​Risnes last week.

– But traditionally, we see that these cases are often settled through informal agreements between states. It would be very interesting if there was no secret. He is sure, he says.

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