According to neuroscientists of the NYU Medicine School, there are silent cells & # 39; playing more in brain behavior than previously.
Spotted cells that are listed as among the smallest in electronic light may be the most important thing to do correctly, and the results of new experiments in beliefs, directed Neuroscientists at the NYU Medical School, the US, challenge the brain investigation, most active brain cells, or neurons, involved in any complex activity are also the most important thing in Control control of that brain behavior.
Analyzing brain behavior
Published in the magazine eLife On-line, researchers monitored brain cell activity with probes in two brain divisions of cerebral acne, the front section of the mammalian brain that was in control of how actions are made in response to what has been heard and seen in the environment.
Amongst the main findings of the survey, among the nearly 200 patients were diagnosed with brain cells or a set of brain cells in rats, 60% showed their presence; The first time they were very calm because the rats, based on training, successfully pushed a button with their snake to get food in response to a specific sound. However, a computer analysis showed that the neurons were less active in the caverns & # 39; to burn & # 39; at the same time with more active brain cells when the creatures put the correct button correctly in response to the correct sound.
In addition, when the neurons were less active in a treaty, there were more likely that beavers would burn during exercise. According to the authors of the study, this includes, that the relatively quiet cells were essential for success. The researchers reported this coordinated move, which was different by just sixty-two of the digits; place, as a means of building consensus & # 39; Among the special groups of neurons that emphasize a message by working in unison.
Using algorithm to find natural behavior
Explain the survey of the senior inspector and neurocientist expert Robert Froemke, PhD: "Our study provides strong evidence that some patients who are considered to be the The smallest ones are involved in controlling specific behaviors among the most important in building consents among other neurons that enable complex tasks. "
In particular, researchers surveyed individual cells and groups of up to eight brain cells in rats while they were; carrying out the work. Animals were open to a number of different sounds, and recording researchers worked strange when the work was done correctly, as well as when mistakes were made.
The complex data was then explored using a NYU-designed computer algorithm designed specifically to find patterns among the electronic records, or what the searches are named as & # 39; spike of brain cells actively involved in a & # 39; carrying out tasks.
What's in the future?
"If more tests are to verify our results, these neurons may be the biggest cells that do a lot of the hard work in mammalian brain." Froemke says.
The latest team results may be important in people who are living with future brain problems, such as epilepsy, which can be used. using electrical implants to stop contingent.
Instead of focusing on single brain cells, future electric appliances could focus on networks or groups of neurons who were supposed to be involved in the; activity.