This is close up of the fibers shed from material in a dryer. These are the strawberries that drop down the drain and into the global water system.
Although the mistake of policy pursuit of error in 1970, other synthetic policy and threads are still around and are strongly supporting the microplastics in the environment, according to an expert Penn State materials, which are. proposes to move to a biosynthetic thread to solve this problem.
"These materials, when they are done, are processed and used, broken down and output microfibers that are available "Everything and everyone," said Melik Demirel, Lloyd and Dorothy Foehr Huck Endowed Chair in Biomimetic Materials.
Unlike a natural thread like wool, cotton and silk, the synthetic threads currently present are petroleum materials and are largely unexpected. Although a natural fiber can be recycled and bi-updated, there are mixed fibers with natural fibers and tough or expensive recycle synthesis.
The islands of wet plastic rubbish in the oceans are under obvious problems, but the pollution is made by non-visible and intricate texts. In the oceans, these microscopic plastic pieces are included in plants and animals. Autumn fish carries these items into a market and, when people eat, they are going to eat. using micro plastics.
Demirel suggested four possible methods to solve this problem. The first is to be & # 39; reducing the use of synthetic threads and turning back to a natural thread such as wool, cotton, silk and cloth. However, synthetic threads are less expensive and natural fibers have other environmental costs, such as water and land use.
Given that much of the microfiber amount that ends in water sources is a & n; comes from rubbish, it proposes an exhaust indicator for a washing machine. Scissors that are dried with clothing that are; Lint – microfiber rubbish too – but wash appliances are usually not current presence.
"Getting the microplastics at the store is the best rubbish option," said Demirel.
It also notes that there are bacteria that occur; using plastic, but are currently at an academic level of research, which takes time to get business shift. If bacteria were used on a large scale, they could help to integrate the threads or threads; break the rope down for use again.
Although these three options are possible, they do not solve the problem of synthetic anti-sounds that are being set; currently used in clothing all over the world. Biosynthetic threads, a fourth choice, are both recycled and intercepted and may replace synthesis threads. They may also be combined with a natural thread to provide synthesis synthesis but to allow the mixture to be recycled.
Taken from natural prints, biosynthetic threads can also be treated to have desirable features. Demirel, who created a biosynthetic fiber made of silk-like potatoes, but inspired by those found in squid ring teeth, is a proposal, by changing tandem recycling numbers in order of the protein, the polymers can be modified to meet a variety of properties.
For example, material made from biosynthetic ring dentures, called Squitex, is a cure. Broken threads or sections will be restored with water and some pressure and will combine recycled cotton mechanical features. Also, since the threads are organic, they are completely straightforward too.