What's in two short, gloomy arms, a hand of aviation, and a body like a green eel, dead, as long as your leg? There is no idea? Meet the redesigned siren, a large salamander, two and a half, defined for the first time in a paper published today in the magazine PLOS ONE, coming from the remote, hidden wild places * southern chess notes * Alabama and Florida Panhandle.
It is a small family of unusual climbers in performances found throughout England and parts of Mexico. They are completely water, living in oceans and ponds and water; keep their behavior rough outside when they live. It runs from a few inches to more than three feet long, the siren is sliced with antibiotics, and they have been in a position; felling all crops, and leaving just a long body, eel and tail tail. Their name comes from the nearby corporation plan and currently "sings" and its " croaking.
The refined siren was only known to come overnight. For decades, the salamander had the status of almost legends in herpetology circles.
Sean Ghreumach, biologist at Sul State University, author American snakes, and the author who was managing the new, & # 39; heard about the "leopard eel" in the early 2000s. "There was almost something unusual, almost as uncooked," he said. "Some biological experts were familiar and they were seen."
To hear the stories of those biologists and their; See the fist of reserved samples collected in the past few years ago. "I thought it was a sacred whirlwind, this is a great, distinctive siren that is clearly different, badly coloring and looking at back! " Graham said. About ten years ago, as long as he was in a postgraduate school at Auburn University, he named the siren that could really be the student, David Steen, who is now a researcher at Turtle Sea Georgia Center and co-author of the study.
"We wanted to describe this secret siren that others said in South Alabama," said Steen. "But we did not have a real demand for the project; we knew we wanted to work on this species, we had to find a man in the wild ourselves."
From time to time, Graham and Steen visited a salamander turf, but they came back with empty vacations every time. Then, in 2009, Steen took a man in Florida Panhandle.
"He asked me out of her blue, and left a message on her phone as" I got a man, "Graham said." I knew what just what it meant, and I went down there. "
The sealed salamander was increasingly visual, with a peel decorated with a redesigned instead of the dark, dark shade. Although, to make sure that the siren was something special, Graham and Steen needed more examples.
Five years later, after a lot of research in the region, the researchers took three other dinosaurs in Florida ponds. On these lines, along with three others captured in Alabama in the 70's and preserved in a museum collection, the team compared the unusual physical features and DNA with other species.
It was not long until it was clear that the salamander was a new, distinctive species, known as the name Reticulata sirenPost-Plus addition to its redesigned skin, the species is smaller than its relatives, and many others; catch "expensive shoes" on its sides.
At risk of telling how it is obvious, not something that's happening much more. at a new risk that lives under our nails in the US.
"This is a great animal," said Graham, describing her status as one of the most popular salamanders. "One of the largest species found in North America in 100 years."
Although to & # 39; Finding such an amazing creature, the fact that it is in Alabama and Florida Panhandle is particularly smaller. The department is an information center of endemics, with many other species found there and anywhere else, according to Alexa Warwick, a leading amphibian biologist at the State of Michigan University who was not involved in the new study.
"The geology of the area has greatly enhanced the diversity of habitat types available, and therefore the species of species we find throughout the area," Warwick explained.
The site is the leaflet of leaflets and bogs of plants, glens, pinewoods, and fountains, and create a very successful work.
But, like the Florida frog, the siren that has been redesigned is only available in a certain place on the Panhandle, which is the species at risk of going on. , Graham said. Although accounts of hundreds of seres that are seen in single locations, there are currently no formal estimates of the size or distribution of the population, and may still be vulnerable.
"If they are plentiful locally in six known ponds, and occasionally come through and a stormy storm storms a felling of salt water, it may be half of the ponds to delete, "Graham said.
Now that the siren has been redesigned into the world, the important work that has emerged in its most fundamental natural history is its; start. "Formerly describes the nature of the first essential conservation pathway," said Amber Pitt, a conservation ecologist at Trinity College who was also involved in the new study. "But now we need basic information on distribution, population status and ecology."
It is considered that the new species eat what the street bait (water insects and mollusks), and live in the ponds and water trails where every sirens live. But more information about the habitat and its scope is required to come with additional surveys.
For now, the reconfigured siren reflects the unimportant biodiversity of North America. Drainage at the Alabama River is for its size, the highest diversity of tartans anywhere in the world. Generally speaking, North America has ranked # 1 in the world for salamanders – which Graham describes how many of our best desires – with several families (a & # 39 ; including sirens) found anywhere else on Earth.
"I think we're bringing our biggest export to the rest of the world," says Graham. "Freedom rescues here, and they are really good. People should know about it, and be proud of them."
Jake BuehlerTwitter no at a blogSouth Westerly