Mars had a brutal storm in the summer last year. The disaster in the planet escaped the rover Power of a powerful nuclear power, but the old crane Cothrom solved solar power with the thick pouring to sunlight from the sun. Opportunities have been quiet since June 10, 2018, despite hundreds of NASA requests to talk to. When Mars started a wind season in November, scientists hoped that rubble thoughts could be cleared from its solar panels, but it seems that hope was bad. NASA continues to & # 39; Reinventing orders, but unfortunately, the intention of Cothrom is likely to come to an end.
At the same time, 2019 marks a historic milestone for the rover, who officially arrived in his 15th year on Mars on January 25. This is far higher than his / her; First time rover is expected 90 days. Together with Spirit Spirit, which came back to date in 2010, the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission marks one of the most important science programs in the present day, Obtaining evidence that Mars was covered with a plant and posed images of the image of its planet.
In memory of Oppy's 15th date, and with the knowledge that we can never hear from the rover again, we ask some scientists from the MER mission and other places to be & # 39; share their ideas and memories about Opportunity, Spirit and the legacy.
Steve Squyres, prime minister Mars Missionation Rover Mission (MER) and professor at Cornell University:
I have not yet given it. We have a list of things to try, and we have not done so we will try everything. But we can get the bottom of the list, so it's an appropriate time to start thinking about those things. As long as it is & # 39; feeling, it is always a good feeling … It is an honorable death; there. [The rovers] not dead. You know that you lose them faster or longer. To have a 90-day mission for 15 years, and then come to an end as a result of Mars's horrible storm storms in a long time, we can walk away with our heads high. The intention was far beyond my expectations.
The legacy is hard … The legacy is the legacy of both Sprit and Opportunity, and the spirit and legacy of the team that they first built, the team of engineers, scientists, managers, managers and financial people. The reason has been so successful because of their 15 years ago. That's where the credit is.
On the scientific legacy, Mars became a much more interesting place than I thought. He will change the way people are on Mars. All of the three roofs that were ahead of us on these flat, non-fertile areas – for a reason-because they were the safest places they were coming. That's the land we've seen. So I got so fascinating about making a rover mission. Our small scenic rovers have climbed climbs and descended into a crack. Mars has become a fascinating, scenic, interesting place in that way you can think and walk in the roads and its. see what they have seen. That changes our vision.
The third part of the legacy is the impact of these initiatives on children. It is one of my best dreams, and I know this has happened, it's 8 years ago; an age who was watching television in 2004 the night we landed and thought about themselves, "Whoa, I think that's cool, but I can do it better. " I see evidence that this is done in part, and encourages young people to continue their roles in science, engineering and technology with their own dream.
Kirsten Siebach, planetary geologist, Rice University:
These boys were trailblazers. They had a big influence. Cothrom air Mars means we have new images from another planet surface since I was in secondary school. Our understanding of Mars has expanded, and I think it is always of interest and interest. It has been an inspiration for those who work on Mars, students, and anyone in the public to continue. It makes Mars accessible and nearby … I am going to do it. think that the legacy is important for exploring, and its # 39; Encourage a generation to think we are so close to another planet, and that we continue to & # 39; Analyzing the Solar System and learning new things every day …
Everyone speaks of the wonderful inventory that allows us to rob a robot. Driving on another planet without a machine in bad condition for 15 years. That is an amazing achievement. But for me and the team members, every 15 years there. There were people here on Earth with engineering and engineering teams coming together three to five a week a & deal with the progress from the previous day, and carefully record what Cothrom would make the next day. For that team, it's more than just a robot, and we'll miss it … It's been a great fun to work on, we're glad it's been so successful. And that level of age was definitely an honorable death unless we hear it again.
Kevin Lewis, assistant professor at Johns Hopkins University:
I hope Cothrom returns online! I had a MER team back in the secondary school (2003-2009), which is a testament to how long the purpose of the three-year-old mission was about three consecutive Ph.D. Opportunity to make science was good until he lost communication, and his. Investigate new rock units that should never be reached with the original design elements. Both Spirits and Equations have been completely restored as we make science on Mars, and it is safe to say that we will not know how successful & was the MER mission. Spirit and Opportunity * quickly * defended the way for Tours and rovers throughout the Solar Social, through the technical and scientific achievements that they had; growing.
Tanya Harrison, a planetary scientist and research director at Spanish Technology and Science Studies University of Arizona University, and Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity science team co-operative:
There was an opportunity to exceed any expectations we could have for her. In secret, the hematite signal that was found from consecrators to her, He learns us about the causes of water and wind on Mars, and to go closer to the other outside Earth. Regardless of what location it would like to throw its & # 39; Red Planet, she and her team of tidy engineers have found a way around it – to last this world-wide storm storm. But he does not respond but that's what he is; Oppy can bring out the strongest storm storm we ever saw on Mars. Now she can relax, and she understands she was in a position; making humanity as our little robotic emissary.
Ashwin Vasavada, Mars Science Science / Science researcher rover at NAS Propulsion Laboratory:
It was a real motivation; In Rover Access me when the rover Curiosity was developed, as it was to show how it was; An individual geologist could give the story the story of an old environment by analyzing its & record kept in the rocks. The oldest water flows over the surface, which is & # 39; playing between dunes, groundwater to hit the rocks, stuff as well … it kept me off; go through the hardest days of getting Mars informed.
Emily Lakdawalla, senior director of The Planetary Association:
Spirit and Opportunity was organizing a new way for public science about active science intentions when Steve Squyres and Jim Bell chose the option that all the images would be available to the public when they arrived on Earth. They wanted to make sure that students could work with the data, and that it did not have to be on a server protected by password … Jim and Steve said, "No, We want the public to enjoy the passage in the same way we are. "That decision was so visual. It created the great international community of people capable of having a normal dreamer to; explore another planet through the eyes of Spirit and Opportunity. People would make mosaic and animation, and Talk about the rocks they saw, and what the science team was doing; do. In many instances, people in Europe would see the images before an American-Squyres team would like to explore these forums because it was a bit worse; easier than to deal with [the server]South Westerly
Cassini's team did not have plans to share their images in this way. NAS Jet Labuls (JPL) said, when I saw the Mars Exploration Rover mission, indeed, we'll share Cassini's images too. Many of their other initiatives continue their campaigns – the campaigns on Mars, such as Curiosity, Phoenix, and InSight. It affects its & # 39; European Space Agency to be more open with their image data – their structure is different from the NASA structure, because the institutions are building and generating; Give up the cameras but they can start to share a camera named by the VMC [from Mars] as soon as they hit the Earth, and Rosetta made their NavCam images rapidly. Juno and New Horizons identified the information very quickly … He had a great influence on how the data missions were sent with the public.
I think he's willing to be interesting when Cothrom was kept silent first, many people were ready to write it off immediately. This may be a more pragmatic thing, but it did not take into account the feelings of the people who had been doing it; Keeping this spacecraft alive for so long. I think it is essential for the team to throw every opportunity so that they can be able to; Feeling a little closed on mission. Some of them are sure they do not want to give … It gives a huge emotional investment to keep those initiatives going. go. I think I'm hoping that Cothrom is a? amazed and returned. I think it does not seem like it, and I'm sorry for the engineers for the loss. People need to take time to cry, and to do it; Understand that it's hard to be emotional.
Abby Fraeman, Associate Scientist of the project Rover Opportunities at the NAS Propulsion Laboratory:
I'll lament, a & # 39; The first most important thing is, just to interact with the team regularly. These people have been working on this mission for a long time, and although people have gone astray and others have come in, this fascinating look of friends. I can recognize everyone with their voice. I know that we can rely on people when we meet difficult challenges or queries. It is very fun to work through those problems with the people involved. I also miss her to wake up every morning and her; See what the rover went down, what's the latest pictures. Every day you get something you've never seen before.
My rover has a very personal story. I was in high school when Spirit and Air Fleet came. A program was run by the Planetary Society, known as the Student Astronaut Program, which led high tutors to JPL to be there on the night the rover came on land. I was there the night that came Air, and it was a wonderful experience; which gave me confidence to go into planetary science.
The way both Spiorad and Cothrom Mars science created was very good … It gave us a fresh insight into the planet we did not have in the & # 39; 2000. The rovers were put to keep the water, and before we left there we did not have any uncertain evidence that Mars had previously had energy water. These are the first images from Oppy, and subsequent images of the Spirit, who were unsure that Mars was weather-threatening. Supports lofty water on the surface. It opened a new parameter area for questions to ask about Martian's success. These questions have been answered by rover Curiosity, a newer rover larger with advanced tools, some of which will be answered by the returning sample campaigns; Some of the future initiatives will need to respond. We did not even know what questions we could ask before d & n; we got the results from Spirit and Opportunity.
I'm just happy that it lasted as long as it was. It is popular with the success of this mission.