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Baltimore's opioid Edward – Vox




BALTIMORE – The latest collapse in an opioid pandemic disease in Baltimore was one: the slavery van, now 13 years old, is not starting.

The white GMC lorry, which is open four mornings a week and parked outside the town's jail, is trying to bridge the gap in the cities' battle. a slave management system. As the break revealed, there are holes in some of the attempts to plug the holes in the system. With the van out of service, doctors and nurses brought their own cars to see patients, some of whom are already unsure about how to get treatment.

A small hall, tiny kitchen, and two offices are so small that I could stretch items out of the van that is owned by it, which is privately funded and run by the Institution. Head of Behavioral Health. It was back and running around the time I visited, offering buprenorphine, one of the two remedies considered the gold standard for opioid slavery treatment, for patients.


There is a buprenorphine van the Institute of Health Practice Management, which is parked outside the Baltimore Central Recording and Recording Center on 12th March, 2019, allowing patients to be treated.

There is a buprenorphine van the Institute of Health Practice Management, which is parked outside the Baltimore Central Recording and Recording Center on 12th March, 2019, allowing patients to be treated.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

Since November 2017, clients have been able to walk in, prepare and start treatment. The ID ID does not need a big barrier, especially for people who are homeless – or any insurance. The main aim is to get someone into care, and then link them to long term treatment in the more traditional healthcare system.

The van changed feed Michael Rice. Without them, “I'm still getting high,” Rice, 58, told me, laughing happily. He said after 15 years of using heroin – using $ 1,000-a-week, he said – “he was sick and tired of sick and tired. ”Since coming to the van a year ago, he has been revived.


Michael Rice, 58, has been treating opioid addiction from a buprenorphine van for nearly a year. If he wasn't at the program, Rice said, “I am still getting high.”

Michael Rice, 58, has been treating opioid addiction from a buprenorphine van for nearly a year. If he wasn't for the program he said, “I'm still getting high.” T
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

“This program is working,” he said. "I feel good. I keep money in my pocket." He drew out toll accounts to prove.

For Rice, it seemed unheard of until he found the van. There are handling gaps across the US. But great health and health care gaps have risen with Baltimore's gaps, making it impossible for poor people and, often, black residents – how executions are too big. above.

“They need more of this,” said Rice, showing the van.


For the last twenty years, news media in general have focused on white victims of the opioid epidemic in suburban and rural areas, such as West Virginia and New Hampshire. And it is true that white people were the main victims of the early years of crisis. But as the crisis has widened to bring in illegal drugs such as heroin and mentanyl, black and urban communities are harder and harder.

In 2011, the rate of casualties at 8.3 per 100,000 was national, compared to 14.9 per 100,000 for white people. By 2017, the pre-death rate had doubled – to 19.8 per 100,000. The overdraft death rate of death had increased to 24 per 100,000.


Aaron Robinson (nice) & nbsp; and Wayne Stokes (center), with the Recovery Network gives information about free services to find out from opioid slavery in West Baltimore.

Aaron Robinson (right) and Wayne Stokes (center), with Recovery Network, give information about free services to find out from opioid slavery in West Baltimore.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox


Roland Brandon with Bmore POWER hands out of ventanyl test strips and free naloxone fittings for people in the Winchester-Sandtown neighborhood of West Baltimore.

Roland Brandon with Bmore POWER hands out of ventanyl test strips and free naloxone fittings for people in the Winchester-Sandtown neighborhood of West Baltimore.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

In that time, Baltimore's drug crisis has grown to some extent. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the majority of the town's death rate was 22.7 per 100,000 people in 2011. It climbed to 49.1 per 100,000 in 2015 – such as the current Virginia figures. West, the state with the highest death rate in the country. In 2017, Baltimore's 85.2 level reached 100,000. That's almost exactly 0.1 per cent of the city's population dying from drug drugs in this year.

Based on the latest figures, 2018 seemed to be worse. Most of the deaths over the city are black people.

The Baltimore headquarters asked questions about the opioid epidemic to the city's health department, which changed interview requests.

For the Baltimore actors, the death rate of death rises that there is evidence that town, state and federal officials are not doing enough to stop the opioid epidemic. “People are not totally involved in deck to stop this happening,” said Natanya Robinowitz, Charm City Care Connection's operating director, who provides services to alleviate the drug use risks.

In addition to being given the opportunity to heal, it's the chance of the increase in deaths over stars as a result of the transfer of the opioid electrodes. in an unlawful market. Fentanyl can transform a more predictable poem from deadlier heroin by making it difficult or impossible to measure the strength of the drugs.

“People are afraid,” said Rice.


Baltimore has suffered decades of urban conflict, poor governance, and crime and socio-economic statistics which may be passing through developing countries. There are big health differences between neighborliness and neighborliness. The US Justice Department ended in 2016 t[r]the different levels of impact present at each stage [the Baltimore Police Department]Enforcement action. “Gun-violence is a problem; I had to reinvigorate another job with recovery because there was an incident, which was handled as an routine and inevitable event, such as a storm which hit people off. forced.

Some governments – including the opening of a foundation center, where people can be emergency to be directed to slavery, and providing agencies with their antidote before taking part in the law – and some states – t opioid naloxone distribution (often called a name Narcan).

But Baltimore, which already deals with the increase in murder and police soldiers, and Maryland, focuses on education, is restricted in their resources. And the federal government, despite raising some of them here and there, did not increase the level of funding that experts and advocates have been summoned to fight the country. opioid crisis.


Signal for treating slavery at Penn-North in the West Baltimore neighborhood of Winchester-Sandtown, Maryland. As Baltimore is seeing an increase in the death of drug drugs, city officials are trying to take steps to bring in people in care.

Signal for treating slavery at Penn-North in the West Baltimore neighborhood of Winchester-Sandtown, Maryland. As Baltimore is seeing an increase in the death of drug drugs, city officials are trying to take steps to bring in people in care.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

As a result: Baltimore does not yet have adequate access to medicine. Often, people struggling with slavery do not have enough health insurance, money to pay for expenses, a means of transport, or even IDs they may have to care for. Baltimore's treatment centers, because of their own rules or the government rules, often make specific requirements on their services – such as aggressive tests, group therapy, or burglaries that are not heavy. The city's sustainability center, which is intended to extend access to care, does not even access walking walks.

That's where the medicine helps. No meeting, ID, or insurance is required. Clients who recycle will not be kicked out of care, as is the case in other situations, and instead are offered support to receive the help-bag t . There are no requirements for specific treatments; someone can order an order to buprenorphine and be on his way. This type of care is called the “low level” by experts of slavery – patients need not be much to deal with it.

“There's plenty of high-level options, but there's not enough low options,” said Robinowitz, Charm City Care Connection, about Baltimore. 'If you had a system, it would be very low.'


South outside the vanI ran into Edward Kingwood, 56, smoking smoke. He said his parents had been badly treated, and so escaped from home – in Fort Lauderdale, Florida – in 1978, and has since been homeless and unemployed. He began to use heroin in 1986.

“It's so hard now,” he said.

Kingwood, who has been with the Women's program from January, had recently been in prison for an armed bravery. He complained that the town and state did little to link with social services: The prison was not giving him medicine and he let him go without doing anything to be homeless or drug use, and both of which have contributed to crime. When he got out, he went back to heroin use.


Edward Kingwood is waiting to be cured outside a buprenorphine van at a Institute of Medicine on March 12, 2019. After decades of homelessness, he said that medicine is helping him to bring his life back together.

Edward Kingwood is waiting to be cured outside a buprenorphine van at a Institute of Medicine on March 12, 2019. After decades of homelessness, he said that medicine is helping him to bring his life back together.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

In the middle of the interview, Kingwood let him alone, clapping in front of the van and throwing at the side of the street. It was withdrawn from service. “I'm sick,” Kingwood said, often about his eyes, that he was going down. He left a rubber ball on his left hand – a vexed machine without worry, he explained.

It is that disease that guides many people to continue using heroin and other opioids. It is often subtracted as a mixture of stomach flu and worrying anxiety. To stop it, people often go to anything that gets them.

This is one reason that medicine such as methadone and buprenorphine is so successful. As an opioids themselves, they can be ordered by people with opioid slavery to stop them taking away. Once patients are based on doses, their medication doesn't go out high, and instead they help to develop a routine – “just without” – without access to dangerous medicines. Several decades of research show that the pharmacy work is working, with investigations finding that they are reducing the level of mortality for patients by just about three and a half times and doing much better work on producing t people are cured by antidepressants.

There is still stigma left. One melancholy patient in Baltimore, Ricky Morris, 52, told me that his doctor told his primary care to the medicine, arguing, "You kill yourself." Despite the scientific evidence of methadone and buprenorphine benefits, there is widespread misunderstanding that the medicines, such as opioids, replace “one drug with another” – although the medication, when taken as a positive, t order, safer than heroin or ventanyl, and reduce reduction and withdrawal.

In response to more deaths during the 1990s, Maryland and Baltimore increased access to methadone and buprenorphine medicine. This resulted in fewer deaths over the end of the 2000s, according to a survey published in the book. T The American Public Health Journal. But when a ventrel arrived in mid-2010, people started to recover too much more – and the gaps that were left out were given.


Edward Kingwood waits to be cured by a buprenorphine van, which is parked outside the city's prison. Kingwood complained that officers were not connected to medicine or other social services while in prison.

Edward Kingwood waits to be cured by a buprenorphine van, which is parked outside the city's prison. Kingwood complained that officers were not connected to medicine or other social services while in prison.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

For Kingwood, the woman is an opportunity to avoid withdrawal in the future – in a legal way. “I am not breaking the law now to get well,” he said.

He just wants it got an earlier opportunity.

“I would like to live in a house. I would like to eat food. I would like to get a job, ”Kingwood said. "Give a fair person."


Barriers to treatment a problem across the country – one reason, the US surgeon came to an end in 2016, with only one in 10 people receiving drug treatment specially treated. Even in places that have become well known nationally such as West Virginia and New Hampshire, people who are struggling with slavery can wait for waiting times or months for treatment.

But such obstacles in Baltimore are particularly tight, where historical disregard and separation have led to high poverty rates and unlike a racial decision in wealth, income, and education.

“We're looking over,” said Darrell Hodge, a peer-renaissance expert who was a patient at Baltimore's REACH therapy clinic. “There are a lot of people in Baltimore who feel they are poor, as citizens in second level. ”


Darrell Hodge, a former slave treatment patient, now works with slave patients at Baltimore's REACH therapy program. “If I could get across, I wanted to share it,” he said.

Darrell Hodge, a former slave treatment patient, now works with slave patients at Baltimore's REACH therapy program. “If I could get across, I wanted to share it,” he said.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

There is a common sense in Baltimore about the reasons why death across drugs has been significantly increased in recent years with very little external attention.

“Racism always plays a part in this,” Christian Diamond, a community worker at Carm City Care Connection, said to me. “We have been trying to tell people that this is a disease for years, but nobody was listening to it” – until the face of drug addiction was getting white and richer, he explained.

Keith Humphreys, Stanford's drug policy expert, recognized that racism “is without doubt” is an opinion in the lack of attention that is going to great opioid disease in Baltimore and other black communities in general t . But he also highlighted the role of the class: Early disease in the early 2000s, which hit the effects of poor white communities across the US, frequently ignored the media and usually was released as an issue. T not in public health.


A consortium of reduction campaigners will meet regularly to discuss the different issues that their organizations face, from raising mortality rates across the policies they should claim.

A consortium of reduction campaigners will meet regularly to discuss the different issues that their organizations face, from raising mortality rates across the policies they should claim.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

The opioid crisis has received much attention nationally because it affects people who are white, rich and powerful – not just the poor, poor and sick people.

That's why the New Jersey Gov. may have a reason. Chris Christie makes a spoken address, which received more than 15 million views on Facebook, about his secondary school friend after years of difficulty with slavery: That came to someone he knew. That personal connection made the crisis more visible to people in power and pushed them to greater empathy – for family, friends, and neighbors – as opposed to the punishment, criminal justice process which affected the drugs t drugs in the past.


Among the groups is BAI POWER try to fill in Baltimore's gaps. I put them in with them in the West Baltimore and provided naloxone and ventanyl test strips for people who use drugs.

Ideally, people who use drugs would be cured. But Bmore POWER and organizations like it are trying to make sure people who use drugs are not over-caught and die first. Ricky Morris, who now works with Bmore POWER, described the group's harm reduction philosophy: “You get the next day to change your mind. ”


The Bmore POWER handset out of fentanyl test and naloxone stripes in West Baltimore. Often people are well informed about the services, and appreciate that the group is there for help.

The Bmore POWER handset out of fentanyl test and naloxone stripes in West Baltimore. Often people are well informed about the services, and appreciate that the group is there for help.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox


Bmore POWER staff will provide guidance on how to use free naloxone devices and fentanyl test strips to prevent opioids.

Bmore POWER staff will provide guidance on how to use free naloxone devices and fentanyl test strips to prevent opioids.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox

Morris was located near Pennsylvania Avenue, close to the CVS burned down during Freddie Gray's 2015 riots. Find a number of police cars nearby. However, there were no attempts to stop drug dealing; I saw money and the exchange of goods several times a time in both the hours I was.

In fact, this is the reason why Bmore POWER was here: The group hoped to catch people right before they used drugs, giving them tools and instructions to reduce the risk of overcoming and death. .

“We hope people will see us as they are being met,” Ro Johnson, with Bmore POWER, told me. She has seen the injuries of the drug addiction personally, including siblings, and cousins.

As we spoke, the cause of a medical emergency was paraded across the ambulance street and fire. Johnson said she was not surprised if she was too unpaid.

She added: “I just hope it's my sister.” T


Roland Brandon with Bmore POWER will be removing devices for overlap, while an ambulance is meeting a medical emergency throughout the street. Some POWER Bmore staff worry that it may be too difficult.

Roland Brandon with Bmore POWER will be removing devices for overlap, while an ambulance is meeting a medical emergency across the street. Some POWER Bmore staff worry that it may be too difficult.
Gabriella Demczuk for Vox


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