Summit Collection: Towns, cradles of opportunities but also riddles



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Urban planning is one of the main issues set out at Summit Africities, a campaign from the United States and the African Local Government, which was held in Marrakech until 24 November (Ph. Pixabay)

Urban planning is one of the key issues set out at the Summities, United Arab Emirates Initiative and African Local Government (UCLGA), which takes place in Marrakech until November 24th. Population growth, poverty and climate change are challenging planning development challenges and urban governance in the world.

But we need to understand urbanization, drivers and dynamics, but also its effects, to design policies that are both local, national and continental, which are inclusive. Because the challenges are many. Competitiveness, appeal, management, innovation and commitment, but also the challenges in land, ecology and social cohesion, cities have a strong pressure.

Therefore, the top of the African countries offers partnerships the opportunity to translate, reflect and build from one country to another. Morocco, as well as being a guest, has been an example of getting into, for decades, a faster rate of urbanization. Moroccan cities will shelter more than 62% of urban people and peri-cities, and 75% of GDP and 70% drainage of the investments.

"This first challenge is the rule of this landscape where central cities are emerging. These towns are the engines of the # 39; economic growth tomorrow "explains Abdellatif Ennahli, Secretary General of the National Planning and Urban Planning Ministry. With the National Scheme for urban strengthening, a priority in the 2017-2021 government program, intermediate towns are established as a strategic link in urban urban systems.

Not only are they still identified with the priority of their roles in rural management. Therefore, the management question is particularly scarce for this section of large cities, as the development needs to be done in close connection with the & # 39; mother mother. The aim is to stop the last ones to invest in the valuable investments, and leaving trees only to the townships.

On the other hand, the level and quality of local authority service to their residents depend largely on the ways they receive and that they are; attainment. Also in focus, the question is about revival, or ability to; home on the conduct of environmental, economic and social costs of globalization, and its question on natural nature affiliates.

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From 2012, the UCLGA will publish, every 3 years, a report on the local environments of local authority institutions in Africa. The 2018 magazine, which covers 53 countries of the continent, & # 39; Morocco is among the countries where the environment is very favorable to towns and communities. This report nevertheless identifies areas for improvement. Its first recommendation is & # 39; related to the completion, within a reasonable time, of the legal arsenal that is in place; rule of devolution.

The latter relates to local-state government relations, and must be reassessed in depth to move from authority authority relationships that are subject to the concept of sponsorship, a legally-based relationship, dialogue, consultation, integration … aimed primarily at promoting local devolution.

Urban cities can not use the entire resource, for good administrative absence, women in the dominance of territorial gatherings or limited local authority access to the climax finance of the other points of reference. improving work.

It is a good news, the general movement of the political area that African governments give to the activities of the towns and local communities. So, across the mainland, the average score for those 53 countries grew up by 18% between 2012 and 2018.

Africans tools to think about the future

In total, there are over 200 exhibitors present at the top, collected in an international exhibition, focus on the various areas of activity related to urban services and local authority market needs. The aim is, again, to consider the projects that are different countries and to decide on cooperative agreements. It is also a confrontation of ideas that have been put forward to attack young Africans in the continent and diaspora, who are responsible for thinking about a sustainable future for towns and areas Africa in 2030 and 2063. In this framework, a cartoon cam campaign "for designers, architects, urban designers and artists and" realistic truth competition "to clarify ICT devices and applications for cities renowned and sustainable in Africa.

J.A.

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