The worst 2018 science results include advice on eating, drinking, and drinking. save its planet. Here are the top 10.



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  • In 2018, scientists worldwide researched about a wide range of new searches.
  • Finding the search of new facts about the best things for people's health, how we affect the & # 39; our planet, and how news news has arisen.
  • Here are the 10 largest scientific studies that are debated – research that was awesome, interesting, unhappy, interesting, happy, and changing the world.

Scientific discovery can be a silent initiative.

Much of scientific research is happening in a window-operated laboratory, behind computer screens that do not exist; growing, and out in remote areas and woodlands. But when scientists have published their work, they let the world into what they got.

A new scientific study can stimulate imagination; public, promoting lively conversation, or even changing public policy. This was the case for some of the largest scientific results to talk to the year.

The following list of the top 10 science results in 2018 comes from Altmetric data distributors, analyzed the various research papers that were discussed on science blogs, social media (Twitter, Facebook), and in published stories. They also took account of the surveys mentioned in Wikipedia applications and how many did notify public policy.

The survey found in the top 10 list that came out on our food, health and planet, and even as online newspapers are distributed online. Here are the most powerful and talk to the last year.


A team of public health researchers interviewed 3,299 homes for Puerto Rican after Hurricane Maria had to crash on the island. They found that the government's official tax was too low.

The team, led by researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School Health Public, a house went to a home in remote and urban areas in Puerto Rico. They asked people if a person in their home had died either – or as a result – the fire.

These surveys carried out the researchers to estimate that Mary's real death tax on the island could be as low as 793 or as high as 8,498. In a couple of ways, that was a much higher death rate of 64 that the government had said.

Not everyone who was suffering from Maria was killed when a Category 4 storm went into the island.

The research team, which was published in the New England Journal of Medicine, said that at least one third of the deaths that occurred after the storm hit, because people could not save life care among destroyed.

In August, Puerto Rican's government received a search and put up the official death tax to more than 1,400 quietly. But the actual number may still be higher.


Inspectors from MIT reported how bloody news spreads online, and they found out that it's a? move much faster than the truth.

The wonders and mysteries of both emotions are powerful, and they are effective reasons when they come to break up news and information.

Surveyors from MIT inspected 126,000 Twitter posts, on the tweet with around 3.5 million users between 2006 and 2017. They found that a beautiful post was spread to 1,500 new eyes six times more faster than the truth. Their results also showed that 70% offspring was more likely to be repeated, no matter what fans did; at its account and that it was proven.

"It's more likely to spread people, not robots," wrote the researchers in the Science magazine.

They think there may be a simple cause that news breaks more attractive than truth: it is clear and new.

"We found out more modern news stories than real news, which suggests that people were more likely to share new information," said the researchers. "Although it has inspired beautiful stories of fear, discouragement, and astonishing in responses, real stories that stimulate expectations, sadness, happiness and trust."


A global survey of drink in 195 countries that showed no alcohol is good for our health. But these results were not straightforward.

Drinking adverse effects may be dangerous.

Authors searched a major survey published in the Lancet that more people were drinking around the globe, more likely to develop cancer and more likely to die.

The investigation caused stir, as the authors suggested that there is no safe level of alcohol. Journalists from around the world quickly raised that head and ran with it.

But there is some evidence that a central level of food (saying, one drink every day) can help protect some health situations, especially heart disease and diabetes. Lancet's prime author, Max Griswold from the University of Washington, said that it is not important because there are "health risks associated with" increasing alcohol "with alcohol consumption."

Others are not as sure.

"Just something that is unhealthy in large amounts that means we have to fight completely," wrote Professor Aaron Carroll of the Indiana University Medical School in New York Times after the inspection.

It is also important to note that Griswold's search was not based on completely new research. Instead, the team inspected almost 600 previous studies of alcohol for meta-analysis. Meta-analysis can be difficult to control for accuracy, from which different researchers carry out inspections in a variety of ways.

In addition, other illegal factors may also report an increase in deaths and health problems in a drink. People who drink alcohol can be stressed, and # 39; smoking, or have other health problems or genetic differences that make them more likely to develop diseases.

"We could be spending a life to argue where the line is for many people," Carroll wrote. "It's the fact we do not know."


In August, scientists expected us to be ahead of the "Hothouse Earth" situation in which the planet and its planet; grow up rapidly, move from self-refrigeration to self-esteem.

"If this was happening, the world would grow much warmer than it was for at least 1.2 million years," said Kevin Loria, Business Insider, when the paper came out in the Academy Proceedings National Sciences in August. "Sea levels around the world would rise between 33 and 200 feet higher than they are now."

It was felt that; the warm influence of that warmth all over the globe. Permafrost allowed to absorb a greenhouse gasket near the poles, melting the ice-slices of the world, and the Amazon rainforest (known as "lungs" planet ") die.

It's not just bad news for the plants and animals; It would also mean homes with more water, stronger stores, more severe fires, and worse air.

Fortunately, the sciences behind the "Hothouse Earth" introduction believe that there is time to change a course. In October, they wrote a more hopeful report that suggested ways of avoiding an accident.

Their proposals include great changes in the ways in which we are going to; grow food and distribute money to cut our greenhouse gas emissions.

"The Earth's life support systems are worth it," wrote the authors.


Scientists find even more evidence that exercise is a great way to strengthen your mental health. It does not matter what kind of work you are doing.

An estimated 1.2 million US adults published in Psychotherapy The Lancet, undoubtedly, people who used to be often tended to be able to; feel better.

In the survey, researchers were looking at national surveys from the Centers for Disease Control and found that people who said they used less fewer days when the mental health "good."

It did not matter if people were involved in a team sport, and just go to the gymnastics, to go outside, and go to; going for a visit, or even doing housework, finding the search authors. Any type of exercise worked as long as people were doing. move three to five times a week, the researchers said.

"This study sets out the wide range of health benefits to use, regardless of age, decision, gender, income or corporate status," said The research author Adam Chekroud, a psychologist researcher at Yale University in New Haven, is Reuters. "Each bit will help – as much as 30 minutes – and all exercise exercises that included walking related to a lower mental health burden."

Other studies suggest that exercise can reduce weight, keep the heart healthy, protect against mental decline, and Give you a better picture of early death abduction.


Scientists analyzed the animals of more than 447,000 people worldwide, and # 39; They may have been getting into the carbox for a long life.

Inspectors analyzed people's levels in more than 20 countries around the world, and then they compared that information and how long did people have a? live.

These were all intact, people who had a mixed consumption of charbohydrates (about half person's daily calories) and allied to whole grains and re-negotiation food; better. The results were published in The Lancet.

The director researcher Sara Seidelmann, a chart researcher and nutritionist at Brigham and the Boston Women's Hospital, said "food is rich in whole-grade food as vegetables, whole grain, rewards, and nuts tied to getting old healthy. "

As in the study of drinking, this meta-analysis was in this research, means we can not say that the food is definitely dependent on life longer. People who use almost 50% of their daily calibration from collateral may be able to; stay longer for other purposes such as genetics or wealth that have not been estimated by this study.

Additional checks in random care would help us to ensure we know sure.


We received new evidence that there is a large waste rubbish in California between Hawaii and California; Collecting plastic at a reasonable level.

A study published in the March's Scientific Reports in March found that there was more than 16 times plastic in the Great Lebanon Pacific Ocean than previously expected science.

Ocean Ocean Cleanup Foundation visited the route in 2015 with 18 vessels and used trawl networks to estimate the amount of plastic in the area, which is more than 617,800 square miles wide. They mentioned the results of that work in spring.

The Great Sleep is not the only place where rubbish is seized in the harbor – there are at least four others scattered around the world. They remember their & # 39; The impact of our plastic use on seas and marine life.


A survey of 1,290 cancer patients found that those who chose other cancer remedies were more likely to die.

For the study, researchers looked at cancer patients with high bone bones, broth, lungs, or tree color talents. Some patients chose to use "partial remedies", which may include herbs, buildings, acupuncture, special deaths, and other non-proven remedies clinically. Such remedies can help reduce symptoms, but they have not been shown to cure cancer.

Researchers found that patients who used the joint remedies were more likely to delays or abuses normal medicines such as chemotherapy, surgery, radiation, or hormone remedies. As a result of this delay and the disqualifications, this resulted in higher death rates.

"Unfortunately, there is a lot of insults about the role of joint remedies," said director doctor Skyler Johnson's study of the Yale Medicine School when published when the study was published in JAMA Oncology. "Although they may be used to support patients with symptoms of cancer cure, they appear to be marketing or are recognized as cancer cure effective. "


Coral reefs die at terrible levels, and there are adverse effects on that.

Published a survey published in the journal in April Nature that one-third of the coral in the Great Barrier Reef was killed as a result of one 2016 heat illness.

Other reefs around the world also fall rapidly: some of the appraisals have been carried out. suggest that we lost half of the world's reefs in the last 30 years. Around a quarter of the world's species of fish thrive in coral reefs at some of the walks. Reefs also protect our own houses, as they will damaged by storms, floods and erosion.

But not all.

"Do I like to breathe"? Michael Crosby, marine scientist and Mote Laboratory and Aquarium headquarters, Business Insider asked earlier this year. "There are estimates that up to 80% of the oxygen that you are currently breathing comes from the ocean. It did not come from the ground. To keep it running breathe, you need to have a healthy ocean. "


Eventually, people got to know how important it was; as we are, despite the terrible impact we are doing. the environment.

In May, scientists measured how much their life is on Earth. Their findings, published in the National Academy of Sciences Acts, revealed that people are an integral part of the planet: 0.01% of global biomas.

Plants come across the Earth, emphasizing about 7,500 times more than people. However, despite our own stress, the impact of people will be on its own. planet extends far beyond the type itself.

"Across the world, the total number of trees, as well as the comparison of planting bio-thomas and its potential, is suggested that the total rotation of biomass (and, through proxy, total biopower on Earth) has decreased slightly in terms of the value before human civilization begins, "wrote the review authors.

As well as half of the world's killings, "humanity has caused that 83% of all wild mammals have lost," said the Guardian when the inspection was released.

It is a reminder that the results of human activity now threaten its & # 39; Most life on Earth.

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