Touchdown on Mars! InSight Lands at NASA to the Interior Petitioner of his Red Planet



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PASADENA, Calif. – Mars welcomed a new robotic resident.

NASA was on the InSight land that dropped safely on the surface of Martian today (November 26), and withdraw from her first successful visit to & # 39; Red Planet since it came to August 2012 – on the seventh anniversary of Curiosity launch, not to be smaller.

"I'm OK" from InSight who came down to the Earth at 2:54 p.m. EST (1954 GMT), Draw a lot of happiness and relief from NASA mission and NAS team members here at Laboratory Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), which is a InSight mission management. [NASA’s InSight Mars Lander: Full Coverage]

But the illness is not completely separated and does not continue for a while: Members of a mission team do not know what InSight's work successfully accomplishes solar panels at 8:35 p.m. EST (0135 GMT on November 27th) at its first stage. Unless these initiatives are expanded, the laird can not live, without trying inside his / her; Red Planet as never before – the main aim of the $ 850 million InSight mission.

It is not easy to defend the delay; NASA's orbiter Mars Odyssey is not involved in confirming the control of the race control over more than 5 hours after replacing, the organization's officials said.

If the campaigns are delivered as expected, InSight will enter a selective club. Less than 40 per cent of the Mars campaigns over the decades have reached the destination successfully, to be an orbital route around the planet or on the red surface.

InSight was launched on May 5 from the Vandenberg Airport Center in California, which was the first time forwarded by an interplanetary mission from the US. West Coast. (Florida's Florida Coast is a traditional dolphin point for large geese fans).

InSight won its Atlas V rocket trip with two maritime summits called MarCO-A and MarCO-B, who have been making their way to Mars over the last 6.5 months. # 39; off. The two MarCO (a short name for "Mars Cube One") have started a $ 18 million show resolution, which aims to show that a small spade vessel is a explore a deep space.

MarCO-A and MarCO-B also played a great part in today's mind, which provided data from InSight to the control of JPL's confidence when the prestigious route, entry and a & # 39; landing (EDL).

And he was harrowing it was. InSight hit the Martian tartile atmosphere at about 12,300 meters (19,800 km / h), connecting it directly to 12 degrees. If the laird had been more complicated than that, he would burn it up; Anything was deeper, and it would have gone out of the air as a smooth stone over a lunch.

As the land was climbed through the Martian sky, its heat shield had a temperature of around 2,700 Fahrenheit (1,500 degrees Celsius) – enough heat to dissolve steel. InSight slowly disturbed the world, down to about 840 meters (1,350 km / h), at that time used by the defensive armor of the loudspeaker parasite.

Then InSight removed the small shells aboard to sink later, finally hitting on a flat horizontal area called Elysium Planitia at about 5 miles (8 km / h). (These numbers are based on pre-modeling work with the InSight EDL team; the very small numbers can be quite different).

This all happened in just 6.5 minutes – InSight total travel time in Martian air, from indigenous access to touchdown. The EDL series of the county was slightly shorter than Curiosity's 7-minute "Curiosity" known knowledge that featured an aerial sky with a rocket that reduced the heavy rover, with a car on top Martian air cables. (EDL InSight shows NASA's on-shore NASA, which runs down to the north of its Red Planet in May 2008. The InSight body is also very much based on Phoenix; both were built for NASA by Lockheed Martin aerospace company.)

MarCO-A and MarCO-B InSight did not kill the surface. Mars was traveling with Mars, their work and their place in the past history. Introducing the first interplanetary Cuban. [NASA’s Mars InSight Lander: 10 Surprising Facts]

"We believe that this is a truly exciting technology, and we have shown something special in a deep place that allows us to develop more opportunities in the future in a hard and effective way, "MarCo-A's mission manager, Cody Colley of JPL today (November 25) said in a news conference in advance.

Their work is maybe doing, I should say: Marco-A and MarCO-B may be able to respect an asteroid or other pedestrian group if they give them enough routes, and if funding for a broad month is given, John Baker, NASA's office manager for the MarCO mission, to Space.com.

As well as coming ashore, b & # 39; This is just the preposition for the main event – InSight science work on the Red Planet.

Over the next two years of the world, the laird will explore a structure within Mars and his / her; write in previous details. InSight uses two key science instruments to do this: a heat probe that carries up to 16 feet (5 meters) under the Martian surface, and a series of three very precise seismometers, which will be watched for "marsquakes, "meteorite strikes and other shoes.

It is not "really sure" to do the seismometers without justice, really.

"They can see tubes with a range of adamatic size – damaged by atomic fragments," said chief investigator Bruce Banerdt, also of JPL, at a past news conference.

So the seismometer chamber is covered in an empty room, to reduce the disturbance of the data being built. By the end of 2015, the mission team spoke that she was going out in this room. The move was set, but it was not time to launch InSight in March 2016, as originally planned. The windows for the Mars mission will be distributed around once every 26 months, so the landlord would have to wait so that his / her. This May to go off the ground.

The science team will also find the InSight situation in the room; using the 789-lbs. (358 kilograms) westwestern communication device. This information allows scientists to make a slight measure of Mars's axis, which helps them to better understand their main plan; planet, NASA officials said.

Together, all of these data will provide a view to scientists that have not previously been seen within their Red Planet.

"Without the aim of the InSight mission – to map within Mars in three dimensions, so that we understand within Mars as well as being understood Mars surface, "said Banerdt.

And Mars scientists can use it as a laboratory to understand how rocky planets are in a general format, he said. That is because there are instances that Red Planet has been more bustling in the area since Mars has been created for around 4.5 billion years ago. We can not look at the Earth as a time dispersal in this way because our planets have been routinely distributed over the holes with plate tectonics, sheltered cover and other processes.

InSight (whose short name for "Inside Research with Seismic Studies, Geodesy and Heat Transport") is an unusual step of international collaboration. The German Aerospace Center was provided with the exhaust heat saving, and the CNES French national sphere group managed its management; a sympathy created by the seismometer. [Mars InSight: NASA’s Mission to Probe Red Planet’s Core (Gallery)]

Do not expect to InSight a & # 39; welcome you with beautiful pictures. The intention is not interested in the features of a cool surface, which explains why it came ashore on Elysium Planitia; the flat is flat and flat with a lack of stones, which adds to the problem that is facing; safely enter (and that the sheriff could excavate deeply into the Martian sea). And InSight is a country, not rover, and so it will take any pictures that it overshadows its purpose of showing the same land.

It also takes a short time for its & # 39; spacecraft to grow up and down; run on Mars. InSight uses a robotic arm to make the heat thrush, the seismometer room and weather shield (which divide the seismometers) on the ground.

Mars has no other desire to use as a toolkit – science compliance tends to be located on Red Planet spaceships or spaceship arms – and the InSight team to ensure they get it right. So, whenever they are & # 39; looking at the Martian InSight environment, they use their over and over usage to & # 39; use a lifeboat here at JPL.

The use may not happen right to two or three months from here, said Banerdt. And it will take another month to reduce the instruments to use it on the Red Planet.

So, it will be six months before the InSight team even comes to "get a glimpse of what we look at," said Banerdt. And it may take a full time of two years, or near, to get a very detailed insight into Martian.

"Once we reach the surface, InSight's courage is moving slowly," said Banerdt.

Editor of Space.com administration Tariq Malikadd to this story. Mike Wall's book to find a strange life, "Out there"(Grand Central Publishing, 2018; designed by Karl Tate) out now. Follow it on Twitter @michaeldwallNext We continued @Spacedotcom no FacebookSub-First It was first published Space.comSouth Westerly

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