Unemployment increases to 12.4% in February, saying IBGE Economy


The unemployment rate in Brazil rose to 12.4% in the fourth quarter which ended in February 13.1 million people, according to the data released this Friday (29) by the Institute of Geography and Brazilian Statistics (IBGE).

The institution states that this increase accounts for 892,000 people in the empty population – by this time Brazil reached 13.1 million workers in this situation.

In the fourth quarter completed in January, the unemployment rate with IBGE was 12%, reaching 12.7 million Brazilians – the largest number of unemployed since August 2018 and the first high in ten. months.

Improve the unemployment rate

Index to moving mobile in%

Source: IBGE

“Unemployment has risen again, but it is not the highest in the series. In the same card (December to February) the peak was 13.2% in 2017. It is expected to rise, an increase that usually occurs at the beginning of the year, "explained in a note to the contrary. a Project Co-ordinator and an income from IBGE, Cimar Azeredo.

Record sub-level

Already, the level of tenancy – staff who could work longer – reached 24.6% was getting 27.9 million people the largest number in the IBGE historical series, which started in 2012.

Compared to the previous three months, there was an increase of 901 miles of unused people. Against the same quarter of the previous year, the growth of 2.9%, or 795 thousand people.

Discouragement is also the highest in the series

The number of people discouraged, 4.9 million, is also a table of IBGE series, repeating the entries in the previous three months (September to November), but an increase of 275,000 people. On the same quarter of the previous year. The unusually encouraging percentage of 4.4% is also recorded in the previous three months, also a record.

“Given that unemployment has reached such a high level it also strikes away confidence. People cannot find work, ”explained Cimar.

Of the staff

IBG also confirmed that the out-of-population population reached 65.7 million people, the highest rate in the institutional suite, increased by 0.9% over the previous three months and 1.2% compared to the previous quarter. the same quarter of the year. passing.

The current population fell by 1.1% compared to the previous three months (excluding 1,062 million) to 92.1 million people. By the same months last year, however, there was a growth of 1.1% in the employment rate, or 1.036 million people.

Education, business and construction were built apart

The majority of staff compared with the previous three months were public administration, defense, social security, education, human health and social services compared with the previous three months, with a cut of 574 people. T . The industry (-198000) and the construction (-155000) reduced the number of workers.

“This loss in the organization of public administration, defense, social security, education, human health and social services, which has lost 470,000 people, was especially pushed into education. The process also has a huge impact on the staff who are not looked after, particularly in construction and industry, "said Cimar.

According to IBEC data, the only transport sector has been the growth, storage and mail sector with a high rate of 133 thousand people.

In total, self-employed staff are 23.8 million

The number of self-employed staff was stable in relation to the previous three months, at 23.8 million. However, compared to the same month last year, there was an increase of 2.8%, equivalent to 644 thousand people.

The number of staff fell formally (-4.8%) compared with the previous quarter (561,000 fewer people), to 11.1 million in the quarter from December to February. Compared to a year previously, there was a 3.4% increase, or 367 thousand people.

The number of private sector workers with a formal contract (except staff at home) for 33 million people, remained stable in both comparisons.

The average income (R $ 2,285) rose by 1.6% over the previous quarter and remained stable in the same quarter last year. The average daily income (R $ 205.4 billion) was stable in both comparisons.

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