If there are correct climate change models, humanity is working on – and which is a & # 39; rest of life on Earth into a corner. There are scientific marriages to control the vibrations and climate change of their battles; start to have a big impact, but not enough. So, we now have hard results.
If you did not listen to the words "sun geoengineering" and "injecting stratospheric spirit", you should be accustomed to. They represent a scientific and technological rational plan for controlling climate change when they can not do any other regulatory and economic models. The idea has been around for a while, but is considered too expensive in the past.
Now there is a new research paper in the Environmental Investigation Letters to explore what is needed to use planes to spell sulfates into the stratosphere to cool the weather. The two authors are Wake Smith from Yale, and Gernot Wagner from Harvard. And once you're going to & # 39; Get rid of your sadness with the idea, if you're going to. Feeling that is there, the paper presents some of the boundaries considered for the entire campaign.
"… an interesting induction program would start 15 years ago, … being technically possible from an engineering perspective." – Dr. Gernot Wagner, co-director of Harvard's Geological Solar Research Program.
First, let's go with twins. This is not done by reducing sunlight, chemistry or mental control. No one can do humanity; reducing the sun. Chemtrails are fever's dreams of ignorance, and mental control is straightforward … whatever. Both Smith and Wagner are the big ones, and they are worthy to take care of them.
Wagner is a researcher and lecturer at Harvard, co-director of the Harvard Geoengineering Solar Research Program, and author of the "Climate Shock" book. A MBA and a career in air and commercial finance are behind him, and he writes on the logistics and administration costs of solar radiation and geo engineering. Both are well equipped to carry out this research.
What do we talk about here?
Bithamaid reflects on a world where scientists have discovered that our distributions have a great deal of quality. heat up the globe and people are happy to make changes to their distributions. Our governance and economic modes do not get the job. You do not have to think about it because this is especially where we are.
In that situation, scientists are planning to try to find technological solutions while they hope that politics and economics will take it correctly. And that's going on to these two ideas: sun geoengineering, and stratospheric spiral injection (SAI).
Solar geodiversity is also known as "solar geology" (SRM). The idea is to make the atmosphere a & # 39; reveals some of the sun's radiation back into space. SRM is trying to increase or refine the Earth's albedo.
Some SRM methods propose to protect and regenerate the Earth's natural landowner, such as sea ice, snow and glaciers. These would include large engineering projects, and they would be expensive. There is no promise to work.
The new study released by Smith and Wagner looks at SRM that is often the case. talk about: stratospheric spiral injection (SAI).
Spicy spray scratch is based on the & # 39; putting sulphates into the atmosphere, about 20 kilometers high, in the stratosphere. It is reasonable that the SAI against its majority of climate change, may be relatively cheap, and; impact rapidly, and be surrounded by its immediate climate effects. It's very scary, but some of the problems have been there.
Early comments in the SAI suggested using handhelds, planes, already, or balloons to throw sulphates, or the preliminaries, to the stratosphere. But each of them has problems. The new research focuses on & # 39; develop new planes to deliver sulfat into the stratosphere.
It is not easy to travel 20 kilometers to the stratosphere. It's not something that we have to do but a few times, We can use expensive rockets and eat the cost. The successful SAI project would be a multi-year project with a fleet of specialized aircraft based at many locations around the world.
In their study, Smith and Wagner analyze the cost and development schedules for a fleet of a plane; The increase in radical anthropogenic strengthening could be stopped. The small fleet began to grow over time, and began to work in 15 years. They were watching airplanes. and they decide that none of these are practical. The 15 years give enough time to develop and validate the necessary aircraft and to obtain permission.
"There is no combination of existing maximum pay and payment capabilities on any existing aircraft." – Wake Smith, co-author examined.
A special airplane needs a 20-kilometer stable plane. The fuselage and wings must be different than we are now, and the engines need to be specialized. In order to carry out the survey, they consulted with a number of planners, engineers and other companies, including Airbus, Atlas Air, Boeing, Bombardier, GE Engines, Gulfstream, Lockheed Martin, NASA, Near Space Corporation, Northrup Grumman, Rolls Royce Engines S-
They include the airport they are going to; SAIL: Invasol Spiorad Lòchran.
The two researchers are clear about their causes. They do not make any decisions about how to #; using SAIL for climate change in battle. They just wanted to grind their idea and see what a reasonable SAI program could look like, and what time line and its consequences could be be there.
One of the authors of the study, Dr Gernot Wagner, said: "Although we do not make any criticisms about the EI problem, we will show that a & # 39, starting 15 years from now on, and both very unsure and ambitious technically able to work hard from an engineering perspective. It would also be very easy, at around $ 2 to 2.5 billion annually over the first 15 years. "
Other studies have decided that existing planes may already change to combat climate change, but find the two scientists that are not true. In a press release, Wake Smith said, "I have become interesting with the engineering questions around the SAI and many audits that prove to show that the modified planes can be in doing a job. Turn out that is not. It would certainly make a completely new plane design to make SAI under reasonable parameters even though it was totally attractive. It is not a combination of maximum capacities and essential pay on any plane already. "
The new SAIL device would have to pay 25 tonnes to a 20km high altitude and keep flying there. So what would this new plane look like?
The plane itself would have larger wings, double the size of the current plane, and also double the gutting. "We have developed the SAIL designations with direct support from a number of airline and airline companies. Equipments for large passenger passengers are equal. But to maintain a plane plane at 20km, it must double make the flight range of the same air plane, and double the nose, with four locomotives instead of two, "said Mac. Smith.
According to the survey, the fuselage of the SAIL and narrow fuselage would appear sufficient, to make a substantial increase in large volumes of fluid contamination, rather than the wide range of space and air required for passenger safety. So SAIL would be its wings much wider than the length. "
The engines are changing the engines of the engines; already known as "small bypass". Although these engines exist, they are not used extensively because they do not make fuel. But they are making other machines out of these habitats, however.
The two researchers have begun to start with 8 flights flying around 4000 aircraft annually, Increase by 4000 each year as more aircraft are taken online. 15 years after he started the work, the fleet would appear almost 1000. They were going to do it. away from a number of locations around the world, at a range of 15 and 30 degrees north and south of the belt belt. The aim is to be & # 39; Submit ~ 0.1 Mt of S in one year, a & # 39; Increase at ~ 0.1 Mt and just after.
Smith and Wagner decide that the SAIL program would not be expensive. Their study shows that the program would be & # 39; cost around $ 2.25 billion annually over the first 15 years of use. This includes design, testing, and making of a new plane, converting the engine engines; and operating costs. Not much in comparison with the $ 240 billion on the US economy has been lost in the last decade due to climate change.
In a press release, Dr Wagner said, "With the potential benefits of reducing the average increase expected in radiative strengthening from A special date forward, these numbers want the wonderful economy of solar geodiversity. Documents of such funding countries can be funded, and technology is not what is needed is particularly handsome. "
The most important goal of the SAIL program is to be our date. He did not solve the problem in allowing us. It's not a temporary mitigation method in SAIL. It will not reduce CO2 in the atmosphere, and will not stop other climate change effects such as harbor acidification. The sunlight just returns to space.
This is where it's hard. Acknowledging that Wagner and Smith are correct, should we use SAIL to combat climate change?
Some concerns about the idea of changing technological climate. Some organizations are afraid that the development of this technology type would enable a robust system to be done secretly. The authors allowed this fear, saying that this level of flying activity would not be impossible to be covered by global countries of participation.
Mac A 'Ghobhainn said, "It was not reasonable to expect that the global SAI program of the scale and the nature discussed was kept secret here. and the One Year usage program that offers a description of 4000 aircraft at unusual high-speed platforms with linear plane planes in several flight corridors in each section. Too much air activity to make sure it is not clear, and once it has been detected, such a program could be deleted. "
Some climate change activists are aware of the SAI because they believe it will create pleasure to reduce the spread. They say we should be trustworthy, and they would create and go. Excuse us that we did not reduce our GHG emissions. Over the Geoengineering survey you can explain and expand these definitions. There are concerns that large companies involved in fossil fuel construction would be able to fund geo-project projects that allow them to continue to be normal.
In some circumstances, the use of a high plane for climate change and battle causes all reasons for debate at this time. There is a group called the Biological Diversity Convention (CBD). Under CBD, 193 named nations have moved geoengineering and agree that there is a need for a global device for its management.
But the SAIL program is a framework that has not started work until 15 years since now. Is 15 years long enough to develop a global device for a geodesign plan to combat climate change? One would hope.
We support ourselves in the corner. The longest time we wait for a meaningful activity on emissions, it will be harder for our steps to be. We need to overcome our fears, both based and up-to-date, if we want to use SAIL to influence the impact of climate change.
We got ourselves into this situation and we need ourselves out.