Scientists believe they've found out in Finland. The first vaccine in the world to protect bees and to prevent populations of these insects, which can lead to food crisis in the world.
Bees can contribute to & # 39; 90% pollen of the main crops in the world. But in recent years, these insects have the secret "collapse collapse colony" secret. It is sent to & # 39; This condition is blamed on worms, poisonous, viruses or mushrooms and even a mixture of many of these factors.
According to the UN, over 40% of invertebrates, particularly bees and butterflies, are threatened to disappear. Due to severe decline, according to scientists, increase in food prices, and the risk of cruelty.
A vaccine, which is a & n; comes from teamwork from the University of Helsinki, Finland, which provides bees with the need needed to be able to; Fighting with bigger diseases, which could be fatal for pollinator communities.
"If we can even save a small amount of the bees with this device, I think we would do a good job, saving the world a bit," Dalial Freitak, a researcher who said; guide the project. "An increase of 2 to 3% of the population of bees would be even big," said AFP.
Previously it was believed that it was not possible to immunize antibiotics, because they do not have antibodies, one of the main tools that humans and other animals can be; used to fight a fight.
But in 2014, Freitak, an expert in insects and immunology, realized that butterflies were fed by a particular bacteria; give their protection to their ones.
Freitak created with another scientist, Heli Salmela, a vaccine against American foul shoes, the widest and poorer of bacterial diseases of the bee.
The medicine is administered to the queen beekeeper with a sugar syrup, in the same way that children and children; get a polio vaccine. Then his / her queen will protecting his descendants.
The team attempts to & # 39; vaccine is made in the market, but there are "regulatory barriers" so expecting "four to five years old to reach the market" is the incredible estimate, "according to Freitak
A number of reasons
Scientists believe that diseases are just one of the reasons why; for the loss of police. So, there is intense agriculture, which reduces the diversity of insects and poisonous.
But the Freitak team believes that the protection of infection countertops becomes stronger, and thus better equipped to do it; stand against other threats.
The European Union and Canada have been received; despite the prevention of neonicotinoids, which was considered to be harmful to replicate bees.
According to the UN survey published in 2016, the equivalent of 507,000 million euros of food that has been growing every year depends just on pollination. At the same time, the number of foods required on pollinators has risen by 300% in the last 50 years.
With the decline of policemen, some farmers have turned to attend or go to; making poles, as it is in fruit trees in some parts of China.
In Helsinki, the project is supported by external funding, but the team hopes to continue with the study of Graz University Austria, the famous scientist Karl von Frisch. He won a bee dance as a means of communication and won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1973.