"Labor from China to Japan is going down because their wages are higher. While in Vietnam, even young people with high levels of education remain unemployed, so many people are unemployed. T want to work, ”said Futaba Ishizuka, a researcher at the Research Institute for Development Economies.
The world-wide system of technology began in 1993, with the aim of transferring skills to developing workers. "But this program will suffer quickly," experts said.
Reports show that some Japanese companies pay their low wages, do long hours working, hitting and even sexual harassment.
Among the biggest exponents, four international companies used to decontaminate the radiation areas following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011. The two companies are also charged with prosecution. too low. They were banned from using instruments for five years. Several other companies were warned by the Ministry of Justice.
A survey by the Labor Ministry of Japan revealed that more than 66% of firms and 70% of employers broke the rules, working for workers as well as making problems. Operational Safety The Training of Technical Training (OTIT) Group is a review body established in the year. This month they gave reminders to employers: trainers will be protected by Lao Law. Japanese action. In particular, it hinders the unfair treatment of heavy staff.
Dung's parents borrowed $ 10,000 to send to Japan to work as a technology interpreter. But the young girl fell pregnant when she was training in Japan. She has only two choices: either to give birth away, or to return to Vietnam. But if you go back to Vietnam, there is no way to pay off those big debts.
"She must live and repay the debt," said Shiro Sasaki, Secretary of the Labor Union Zentoitsu (All United) – where Dung worked.
The severe conditions meant that more than 7,000 trainees had stopped their jobs in 2017. Experts say that many people are being scrapped by ruined skippers. These brokers promise to give them misleading papers and higher paid work. Nearly half of the students who are attracted to Vietnam are from Vietnam. Because they are not allowed to change from training to work status, they will lose legal status status.
Many people who stop their jobs are sheltered by not-for-profit organizations. Many people fled to the black market. Shigeru Yamashita, executive director of the Vietnam Joint Support Association of Japan, said: "The situation is completely different from what they were told at home. They have debts that cannot be paid at home t , for so is the only underground work. "
The new employment law will allow around 345,000 low workers to enter Japan within five years in 14 sectors, in particular foster care and care, two businesses that are already experiencing operational problems.
A "skilled worker" can stay in Japan for 5 years but cannot bring his family. A second type of visa – currently restricted to the shipbuilding and shipbuilding industry – enables staff to bring in their families and deserve to stay longer.
Nguyen Thi Thuy Phuong, 29, the man and his children in Vietnam left to work as a training worker in a Mitsuke City factory in north Japan.
The clothing industry is not included in the new visa program due to the high level of breaching of work laws in training programs. Now, Phuong wants to take his family and stay for longer than three years. "Life in Japan is very convenient and new," she answered Reuters in Japan.
The Ministry of Justice has issued new rules: asking employers to pay for overseas workers at least the minimum wage for Japanese workers. But Sasaki said that immigration policy would be a focus for residence, rather than a working environment.
Yuji Kuroiwa, Governor Kanagawa Prefecture said: "Without a framework suitable for migrant workers and they are said to be a tool for combating staffing shortages, I'm sure there will be real problems." .
Takashi Takayama, Vietnam Cao Son Quy, went to Japan as a refuge in 1979. He remembered how foreigners were thrown after the global financial crisis of 2008 and concerns that a similar situation could be maintained. requests from employees after the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.
"When the Olympics ended, I thought it was going to be a daunting event," said Takayama at the Vietnamese New Year at the Catholic Church "I don't want to see it."