We got the internet free and open that we deserve


Berners-Lee started to develop the Web while working for the European Nuclear Research Group (CERN) in 1989 as a way of sharing data with several PC content and operating systems. "It was designed to be universal," said Berners-Lee to NPR in 2017. All points were breaking apart. "Berners-Lee even thought the internet would be in a way to stop national and cultural barriers, at least in terms of introducing all the computers together.

“I've always believed that the net is for everyone,” he wrote last year. “Our changes have created a better and more connected world."

But despite the advantages which the Internet site has brought over the past three decades, the reality has not come to fruition as Berners-Lee expected. He is certainly not comfortable with the ever-growing movement of the market. "At least a collection of blogs and websites has been made closer under the pressure of a number of platforms," ​​he said. "This level of power creates a new set of keepers, allowing many platforms to take control of what ideas and ideas you see and share."

And where is that taken out? We promised live digital town squares where netizens would be free to propose and discuss new proposals. What we got was a troll of Twitter. We were given a guarantee of full access to all human information. We only received fancy news feeds on our Facebook feeds. It was promised that we would have even more warriking cat videos than any one in your life. Well, we got that. But we also got PewDiePie and Logan Paul. And that doesn't seem quite true.

When people like Google, Amazon and Facebook enter their market places by climbing the main talent, capturing people in an instant and influencing user data. , Berners-Lee argues that they are doing this because of future innovation. Furthermore, the absence of practical, competitive options allows bad actors to make these online platforms available for the ultimate end – everything from artificial social media posts socio-economic challenges to the views of symmetry without investigation.

Russia's support for the election of 2016 and Cambridge Analytica on Facebook was especially a concern. "It was spoiled," said Berners-Lee to Vanity Fair last July. "Indeed, physically – my mind and body were in a different state."

"We showed that the Internet had failed to serve the people, as it was to do, and failed in many places," he added.


Since then Berners-Lee has overgrown their horrors. In his 2018 speech to the World Wide Foundation, he reiterated his commitment "to ensure the net is a free, open, creative place – for all." That means aiming at a series of challenges: getting the other half of the world's population online, managing more internet keepers, and making sure that everyone has a fair voice in the development of the internet in moving forward. t

As part of these efforts, Berners-Lee calls for better access to public WiFi and community networks for the poor, and provides a “legal or regulatory framework that describes social objectives” to manage broad internet administrations. .

“I want to challenge us all that we have more ambitions for the web,” he was amazed. “I want the net to appear on our hopes and ambitions, rather than increasing their fear and deepening our department. ”

But it does not stop at infamous pests. Last September, Berners-Lee announced he would be taking a quiet silence from MIT to launch a new online platform called Solid, which could mean a huge change. make use of the current internet power structure and user control of user data back to users. .

This is not Berners-Lee's first attempt to expand the ends of the web, remember. In 2001, he and a couple of other researchers recommended "a semantic net" – web architecture that would not retain all types of data, except documents, but easily accessible to both machines and people. reading. A semantic net would be a kind of Rosetta Stone for tools, allowing AI to see the internet in the same way that people would provide different software products for exchanging data without APIs. This would then allow software-based groups of “agents” to do many of the things people can do about it automatically. Think Siri, but of course.

"Solid changes the current model where users are required to provide personal data to digital giants as an exchange value," he explained. "As we all got out, this had not been good for us." Instead of focusing on your online data completely in the hands of a few large companies, Solid would effectively erase the way data is shared between the internet and other providers. flax.

"Each user will have the option of where data is stored, which certain individuals and organizations may access selected elements, and what apps you use," followed it. "It will allow you, your family and colleagues, to connect and share data with anyone. It allows people to view the same data with different applications at the same time. T . "

To help you move Solid, Berners-Lee also nominated the Inrupt publication, its first commercial operation to influence the new stage. As he explained to Fast Co, Solid would have worked as "a biscuit of Google Drive, Microsoft Outlook, Slack, Spotify, and WhatsApp." However, as any data created or imported to Solid would be stored in the user's personal security locker (POD), rather than being streamed across the internet, there would be people who are able to retain most sensitive information (such as medical or financial records) to their applications, understanding that data will not be misused.


If Berners-Lee wins over the hearts and minds of developers, its vision of a data protection scheme with a focus on users could complement Senator Elizabeth Warren's recommendation to break out the house-keeping. Its plan could revoke recent unions and designate companies as "high-level facilities" which stops them using the platform and agents on stage that (ie Amazon Amazon sales), the real challenge of competition and innovation to the industry. Even time could give Berners-Lee enough time to go out of the ground.

Berners-Lee spent the last month of 2018 touring the country, giving away presentations and tuition for solid development. This continues to his next challenge: proving the world that the Internet is moving effectively into a good idea. You can make sure that the current power browsers like Amazon, Facebook and Google are not going to be constrained because their market level is endangered. Despite that, Berners-Lee continues to continue because, as he said in 2009, the site I didn't see was not yet seen.

Images: MANDEL NGAN / AFP / Getty Images (Tim Berners-Lee); Gary Miller through Getty Images (Elizabeth Warren)

Source link