What gender do women order the rules to teach about dominance


What are hyenas, orcas, and usually elephants? They are part of a selection group where women rule the rules.

Recent research has discovered that more than 5,000 mammalian species are known, but with a small female female section.

How people are struggling to eliminate gender inequality and add more women in senior positions, can they learn anything from these "exceptions" to the animals' kingdom?

It is a controversial idea, but according to the scientists behind the decisions, the answer is.

Wild Style

In partnership with three colleagues, Jennifer Smith, animal behavior professor at Mills College in Oakland, USA, identified six mammalian mammalian species that lead to deadly whales, leavers , wild, bonobos (primate species), lemurs and elephants.

To get into this group, the team initially investigated social species – those with strong interaction between the members – in which a feature of leadership was proven.

When they investigate things such as movement, food research and conflict settlement, they first chose 76 mammals. Inside this group, the researchers ask evidence of leadership and female features that are in place; explain this image.

"I think there's a lot to learn from these non-human societies," said Smith.


Scientists say, however, that it is important not to lead leadership with leadership.

"Leadership is something that happens because there is a problem that needs to be resolved by some coordinated actions," a & # 39; Mark van Vugt, co-author of the study and professor of advanced psychology at the Amsterdam University of Holland.

There are examples of problem solving in finding food, defending against predators or fighting arrangements. On the other hand, Domination has more influence on competition between individuals.

According to scientists' definition, successful directors have successful successors – that is, they do not need to persuade people to come with them.

Make a love that does not war

About 99% of human DNA are equivalent to those of chimpanzees and bonobos, closer to the person's priorities. But as long as chimpanzees tend to be led by men, bonobos are responsible for female leaders.

These are the women who make plans to travel, and, explains Takeshi Furuichi, from the Kyoto University, Japan, who monitors bonobos in the Democratic Republic. Chongo. They also eat at first because they are organizing a dinner.

There is a rarer conflict in the bonobos social structure than in chimpanzees. Bonobo directors, although they are smaller than males, often engage as food makers. Although they often mourn individual spots with men, "when more than two women come together (to fight), 100% of the time, they will win," he says.

If they can choose, it seems to be the best bonobos to make love for war. Communication is generally common, and women often use sex as a tool to maintain respite between the species's staff. With the women under the leadership, bonobos society is far more quieter.

Elephants and matrilineal orcas

In the families of an elephant and deadly whales, the older women take their lead. The wise "grandmother" keys help the rest of the family to thrive with; understand where the salmon is, for example.

When it comes to elephants, "we know that they have a good memory of fragile resources," said Vossi Fishlock, a scientist at the Amboseli Trust for Ailbhein in Kenya. These are the familiar matriarch who can find the herdsmen of water through the thirst.


But there is an important difference to us. Most human societies are a person, that is, they are based on the nation's surname. There are elephants and matrilineal orcas.

"Elephants were led," said Cynthia Moss, director and founder of the Amboseli Trust for Elephants, who has been studying elephants since the 1970s.

"There is no dispute with the men for leadership. They live on their behalf and are not leaders among the elephant's family groups," he says.

Distribute the rules

The campaigns will hunt in groups. And the women who rule the rules are. They are bigger and stronger than men and decide what route the folder should follow. Typically, the hungry women who eat bait are on her; chest to control.

Female leadership is also important during racial warfare, when organizations usually fight for land.

When women's hyenas hate each other anogenital areas – a dangerous industry for animals with such a fatal case – it's a bit different from a banner, Smith is a explained.

After establishing reliable alliances, they will join forces around other behaviors that could be dangerous: the attacks. But they do not manage but fight, they also have a & # 39; confrontation within the clans.

Wild Attitudes

Although it is similar to peers in a similar way to hyenas and bonobos, it is very similar to humans, a co-alliance of sewing in these species can be very important.

One lesson that can be drawn from the analysis of women's domination among mammals is the importance of co-agreements: are you friends in social areas and your knowledge from age and experience.

Female leadership, as the life of the animals is praising, is more likely to occur when women are pregnant, creating collaborative groups.

But it's worth taking that & # 39; jumping and comparing wild animals to women working? The controversial idea, Smith and colleagues confirms.

It is difficult because "such a complex degree and differences in social systems are very large," said Christos Ioannou of Bristol University in the UK.

"It's so good it's very difficult to make such comparisons," a & # 39; adds to the researcher, who is conducting behavior and general leadership.

Subtle suggestions

The Mac a 'Ghobhainn team argues that some types of female leadership are neglected by research on the # 39; subject, which broadly focuses on large, complex orders within corpses, governments, or the army.

But how some female leadership works within family and small group arrangements, for example, it is simpler – but they provide a valuable insight.

Even in priorities, no female leadership should be noted. Julie Teichroeb, behavioral geologist at the University of Toronto in Canada, will analyze vervet mergers.

Because women of this species are continuously from the center or bottom of the body – think of middle management – the proof of the early and accurate experiences that decisions made were made by male men, He tells.

Our biological legacy is only one thing that explains why women do not have enough representatives in leadership roles. The other factor, scientists say, culturally.

People are very familiar with the promotion of cultural developments that can change our own environment – so Smith's team argues that we can shape the future with more women's leadership opportunities.

The study offers more emotional ideas than a tough evidence, but the authors have a & # 39; plan more detailed evaluative analyzes in the future.

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