Twenty years ago, November 15, 1988, the Soviet Union launched its first renewable spacecraft called Buran. This is a very costly billions of dollars of dollars in this vessel, the largest ever in the history of space research. They were brought into space with Energia superhuman, flying two trips all over the world and then returned to their room; postage.
|A general overview of the entertainment button. Prior to leaving it. Photograph: Remmirath.|
The plane is made full-speed, unhappy. This is the first time in history that space space is capable of moving, landing on such a record.
After Buran's first space voyage, the Soviet news promised a new era in spatial research. But indeed, the Buran is to be launched, although it is very successful in its final tour. And the promising project "Soviet sporadic vessel", and the last major Soviet Union project, was abandoned.
New era of a renewable spacecraft
In the 1970s, American aerospace engineers stopped the use of a single-use spacecraft. They found that it is time to craft a renewable place, not just working in a room but also a room; return to land successfully. This is why the US renewal room program was born.
The Americans believe, with these vessels, that there is not much more than aircraft to place. But the history of confirming that the sight is wrong. Every time made by a renewable spacecraft was spent around $ 1.5 billion, leaving the project in 2011.
During the period of 1970-80, it was considered that it was a new vessel in space research. Reversing its & # 39; First suspicion, the Soviet Union started rapidly on the design of a renewable place, Buran. The Soviet leader took the American style machine-engineer engineers because the Americans had a long way of detecting and correcting mistakes. Seven years after its first US Columbia vessel launched in 1981, the Soviet boat Buran made the unique route.
American space band
The Soviet Union's spacecraft is similar to the US spacecourse. However, due to the 7 years of the US spacecraft, Goods have been to avoid the mistakes of the opponents, going longer than many times. Good may be an orbit for 30 days, twice as long as Columbia. It can carry 30 tonnes of goods, while the US corridor is only 24 tons. However, the main difference is that the spacecraft is able capable of flying and land on an automatic basis, which is wholly visible in the same flight.
Although Buran was a technical test, it was very expensive for the Soviet Union at the time – when the country spent a huge sum of huge projects for more than 10 years. The Energia-Buran project costs over 16 billion rubles as a whole. This money can be used to build a large urban area for 10 million people.
In addition, Buran's flight cost is also very high, although the use of the proton and soyuz tools is much cheaper. The idea of global development was also bombarded over the world as well; Soviet-American relations in the late 1980s were abandoned. Engineer Stanislav Aksyonov, who participated in the project, said: "The last rehabilitation spacecraft is now not used. After & # 39; The first flight on the wall revealed many faults and engineers required a major review.
So the last Soviet project was frozen in 1990 and officially closed in Russia after the Soviet in 1993. Buran's five vessels were built, but only two were held. to the present day, in Russia and Kazakhstan. The vessel was located on a rocket model and was displayed at Baikonur's Space Airport. On May 12, 2002, spacecraft roof collapsed while it was & # 39; repairing, funeral funeral of the one-ambitious ambition of the Soviet airspace industry.
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Hong Anh / VOV.VN