Migration migrates war for a better life in Saudi Arabia



"Ethiopia is broken," one of the young men is saying about his home. He travels in a group of four from Jimma, in the southwest of Ethiopia, not every one of them, behavioral but a bottle of water.

In the distance, Caolas Bab al-Mandeb, which is the divide of African Horn from the Arab Emirates, looking at a dark blue, turquoise, and green bed.

"Yemen," the man says, announces his next destination. "From Yemen I can go to Saudi Arabia for work and send money to my mother."

Around 20,000 immigrants, most of Ethiopia, try this journey on this ancient and more deadly path through the Yemen war zone per month, according to the International Movement Group (IOM).

They are all at risk from the attack if they come to the attention of the police. Yemen is not well known in war, the bombs, the bullets, the mortars and the mines. They are not aware of the dangers of their & cross, and bodies that wash on Djibouti and Yemen shores.

Many despairs

It is a small fishing village in Obock on the northern shores of Camas Tadjoura.

It is also the center of a very hopeful decision.

On the same shoreline of shoreline where Ethiopian migrants leave Yemen and what they hope will have a better life in Saudi Arabia, Yemeni refugees – some will escape from attacks led by Saudi – come in, hit by souvenirs on his / her; nightcloth that they just had to escape South-

For many of Yemenis, its first stadium is a heat, dusty and windy camp Markazi Refugee Camp.

Camka Refugee Markazi in Djibouti.

A number of sets of white-haired ice-catching today have replaced the United Nations High Commissioner as strong for refugee tents at this camp, which is 1,300 or so. stay in Yemenis at home. It was a gift from the Saudi government; in the unsuccessful vessels of exile in the refugees here.

B & Bs; from Saudi-led consortium that Naghuib, his wife, and two children – Rasha 6 years old and Mohammed 8 years – escaped.

In Yemen, the Naghuib family lived near Khokha, a small village on the shoreline; The Red Sea. Over the last four years, Naghuib says that 25 people from his village were killed, including neighbors and relatives. Intensive fighting between Saudi-led joint venture and Houthi activists involved in Iran has captured the country since the early war began in 2015.

Naghuib says homes, schools, and mosques in his home have been destroyed. As the situation was getting worse, sometimes it did not; his family can get food, he says. When there was a fight in the fight, he and his family agreed to run to do it.

Naghuib, and others on the interview for this story, they did not want to use their first name because of its fragile & # 39; the situation was.

A Yemeni man presents a statue of a destroyed petrol station that hit an airstrike in Sanaa on Yemen capital on May 27, 2018.

"We came in a small fishing boat," he said. "We were fortunate to have the smooth water. He took three hours."

Nearly 40,000 men fled to Djibouti from 2015, according to UNHCR. Although the Djiboutian government has recently been proposed for recent reforms, including a permit to refugees to work within the country, most of Yemenis who came here have moved to other countries.

Many Yemeni refugees have relatives in the United States, and according to UNHCR nearly 15,000 have moved from Djibouti to the US since the conflict began.

"We came for the future," Naghuib says, focusing on his children. "We will go anywhere they give us."

Naghuib remembers having a & # 39; met an Ethiopian migration who was walking through Yemen.

"We would say," Where are you going? There is a war. "Most of them did not speak Arabic. We say, & Do not." They say, "God is with us," he says.

Abdulrahman, one of the exiled refugees from Yemeni, has just arrived on campus, saying it was like people who came back home. "They are the same idea to get to Saudi," he says. "We try to tell them that there are mines on the road. They do not know what it is."

Abdulrahman recognizes the dangers that are just good. He says he lost his wife and daughter to a murder bomb about eight months ago. The day after he came to Djibouti, he discovered that his eldest son, who was fighting with the Houthis, was killed.

"He just married. Without my last memory," said Abdulrahman, when his voice began to slip. He will touch his eyes and his / her; turn off.

Uncertain about the Yemen war

There is a short drive from the Camp of Markazi refugees, a number of African emigrants have been sheltered by a massive sunshine, A very stable wind, beneath the trees scattered throughout the scenery.

Under the largest tree, one group of people say they were waiting here for the four-day smoker, just eating it.

Emigration from Ethiopia in Djibouti to wait until its The ocean goes across to Yemen, from where they go to; go to Saudi Arabia. They say they do not know there is a war in Yemen.

The migration route from Aetiap to Saudi Arabia is a man converted well. An Ethiopian migration called Ali says that his relatives made this trip years ago, before the war. Many of the men have similar stories about "doing it" relatives for years.

But when asked about the war in Yemen, the men are shaking. They were not aware of the prevailing dangers.

Since 2017, UNHCR has been running a public awareness campaign about the Yemen war, through music videos and restaurant in five languages. But staff admit that it is not yet to be done here to Obock.

A group of men waiting for smugglers to come to overthrow Bab al-Mandeb Strait to Yemen.

In Ethiopia, many of the internet have access to their mobile phones – but in the emergency they have hoped for fear of the future.

"We have no choice," said one migrant preparing to cross. "We need to be patient, we need to let God go."

Free cross

Finally, during the night, Djiboutian cuts come. Using long sticks, they would Herding the men under the trees to one word like cattle.

One of the smugglers, whose hair is full of khat – with leaves excavated in African Horn for their incredible effects – saying they are moving to & # 39; group to another place, to ensure that they are; Together with hundreds of other migrants who wait for the same time.

Five days later, the IOM reported two boats that carried migrants out of Djibouti's shores. There were 16 people who survived and 30 groups were out but 128 were considered dead.

Ethiopian migrants walk to their next destination.

All migrants who make this route will be able to do so; paying a few hundred dollars.

That is a fraction of the cost of leaving Africa through the Continental route – one reason why emigration from Ethiopians with hundreds still has to try this way every night.

The distance is another factor: a majority can walk on a mile or a mile so kilometers from their homes in Ethiopia to Obock, the peninsula across its narrows and to its location. Chamais.

They take these first steps, they say, due to the incredible inconvenience of the home.

Many of the Ethiopians here say that they are coming from the Oromia area, which is home to a historically distinctive ethnic group compared to that; main government, and where more than a million people have been abolished by serious political violence.
A series of devastating and deeper floods – the worst in decades – have also been pushing the total number of digits; Ethiopia deficiency up to three million people.

Lucky to escape?

For the 500 most of the Ethiopians at an IOM exchange center in Obock, it is a refreshing of the fine theme that is in place; waiting for them.

"My parents are poor … (No) money. I'm the oldest one," said Ali. It's just 13. He and the older who are older are & # 39; go into the same room, and choose to sit on the cool floor instead of the stomach on the walls. The oldest men gather in the garden.

Ali says he did not know the war in Yemen and the other five boys say the same.

The road to Obock, Djibouti

Young men are in a & n; Most of the Ethiopians who try this trip but IOM's travel center is a woman's part, at the time of her home to about a dozen people.

Safia, mother of the 20s, left Ethiopia with a group of her friends. When she arrived when she arrived for a day, Safia still had a handkerchief in her hand.

"I wanted to go to Saudi but when I got there and I saw how dangerous it was, I changed my mind. But some were going to," she said.

Safia does not know if his friends do it or not. A two year old son has returned home, and she is shouting for every day.


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